000-190 Related Links

000-190 Dropmark  |   000-190 Wordpress  |   000-190 Issu  |   000-190 Dropmark-Text  |   000-190 Blogspot  |   000-190 RSS Feed  |   000-190 Box.net  |   000-190 publitas.com  |   000-190 zoho.com  |   000-190 Calameo  |   000-190 weSRCH  |  
Never take 000-190 test without preparing these Answers - Killexams

Real Exam Questions/Answers of 000-190

Killexams Updated 000-190

Complete examcollection is provided Here   |   View Vendors, Tracks Home

000-190 - AIX Basic Operations V5 - BrainDump Information

Vendor Name : IBM
Exam Code : 000-190
Exam Name : AIX Basic Operations V5
Questions and Answers : 134 Q & A
Updated On : March 22, 2019
PDF Download Mirror : 000-190 Braindumps
Get Full Version : Killexams 000-190 Full Version


Take a gander at these 000-190 real question and answers


At killexams.com, we give verified on IBM 000-190 real exam questions the best to pass 000-190 test, and to get certified by IBM. It is a best decision to quicken your vocation as an expert in the Information Technology industry. We are glad for our notoriety of helping individuals breeze through the 000-190 test in their first endeavors. Our prosperity rates in the previous two years have been amazing, because of our glad clients currently ready to help their vocation in the fast track. killexams.com is the main decision among IT experts, particularly the ones hoping to ascend the pecking order levels speedier in their individual associations. IBM is the business pioneer in data innovation, and getting certified by them is an ensured approach to prevail with IT vocations. We enable you to do precisely that with our amazing IBM 000-190 preparing materials.

IBM 000-190 is inescapable all around the globe, and the business and programming arrangements given by them are grasped by every one of the organizations. They have helped in driving a large number of organizations on the beyond any doubt shot way of achievement. Far reaching learning of IBM items are required to affirm an essential capability, and the experts ensured by them are exceedingly esteemed in all associations.

We give genuine 000-190 pdf exam inquiries and answers braindumps in two configurations. Download PDF and Practice Tests. Pass IBM 000-190 genuine Exam rapidly and effortlessly. The 000-190 braindumps PDF compose is accessible for perusing and printing. You can print progressively and hone ordinarily. Our pass rate is high to 98.9% and the similitude rate between our 000-190 study guide and genuine exam is 90% Considering our seven-year teaching background. Do you need accomplishments in the 000-190 exam in only one attempt?

As the only thing important here is passing the 000-190 - AIX Basic Operations V5 exam. As all that you require is a high score of IBM 000-190 exam. The just a single thing you have to do is downloading braindumps of 000-190 exam study aides now. We won't let you down, we will provide you real questions. The experts additionally keep pace with the most up and coming exam so as to give the larger part of updated materials. Three Months free access to have the capacity to them through the date of purchase. Each hopeful may bear the cost of the 000-190 exam dumps by killexams.com at a low cost. Frequently rebate for anybody all.

Within the sight of the credible exam substance of the mind dumps at killexams.com you can undoubtedly build up your specialty. For the IT experts, it is fundamental to improve their aptitudes as per their vocation prerequisite. We make it simple for our clients to take certification exam with the assistance of killexams.com verified and bona fide exam material. For a brilliant future in its realm, our brain dumps are the best alternative.

killexams.com Huge Discount Coupons and Promo Codes are as under;
WC2017: 60% Discount Coupon for all exams on website
PROF17: 10% Discount Coupon for Orders greater than $69
DEAL17: 15% Discount Coupon for Orders greater than $99
DECSPECIAL: 10% Special Discount Coupon for All Orders


A best dumps composing is a critical component that makes it simple for you to take IBM certifications. Yet, 000-190 braindumps PDF offers accommodation for hopefuls. The IT certification is a significant troublesome assignment on the off chance that one doesn't discover legitimate direction as real asset material. Therefore, we have bona fide and updated substance for the readiness of accreditation exam.


000-190 dumps, 000-190 Discount Coupon, 000-190 Promo Code, 000-190 vce, Free 000-190 vce, Download Free 000-190 dumps, Free 000-190 brain dumps, pass4sure 000-190, 000-190 practice test, 000-190 practice exam, killexams.com 000-190, 000-190 real questions, 000-190 actual test, 000-190 PDF download, Pass4sure 000-190 Download, 000-190 help, 000-190 examcollection, Passleader 000-190, exam-labs 000-190, Justcertify 000-190, certqueen 000-190, 000-190 testking


View Full Exam »

Customer Reviews about 000-190

Testimonials Here   |   View Vendors, Tracks Home

000-190 - AIX Basic Operations V5 - Reviews

Our customers are always happy to give their reviews about the exams. Most of them are our permanent users. They do not rely on others except our team and they get exam confidence by using our questions and answers and exam simulator.

Get those 000-190 Q&A, prepare and chillout!

Im very satisfied right now. You have to be thinking why i am so happy, rightly the purpose is pretty easy, I simply got my 000-190 test results and i have made it via them pretty with out troubles. I write over right here as it emerge as this killexams.com that taught me for 000-190 test and that i cant cross on with out thanking it for being so beneficiant and helpful to me sooner or later of.

Take benefit of 000-190 dumps, Use these questions to ensure your achievement.

killexams.com had enabled a pleasing enjoy the entire while I used 000-190 prep useful resource from it. I accompaniedthe examine courses, exam engine and, the 000-190 to each tiniest little element. It modified into due to such fabulousmanner that I became proficient inside the 000-190 exam curriculum in remember of days and have been given the 000-190 certification with an excellent score. I am so grateful to each single character at the back of the killexams.com platform.

splendid source! I were given actual test questions of 000-190 exam.

manner to 000-190 exam sell off, I ultimately had been given my 000-190 Certification. I failed this exam the first time spherical, and knew that this time, it modified into now or in no way. I though used the decent e book, but stored working towards with Killexams, and it helped. Remaining time, I failed with the aid of a tiny margin, literally missing some elements, however this time I had a solid pass score. killexams.com targeted exactly what youll get at the exam. In my case, I felt they have been giving to lots attention to numerous questions, to the issue of asking irrelevant stuff, however happily i used to be prepared! Challenge done.

I feel very confident by preparing 000-190 Latest dumps.

I were given numerous questions everyday from this aide and made an astounding 88% in my 000-190 exam. At that point, my accomplice proposed me to take after the Dumps aide of killexams.com as a fast reference. It cautiously secured all of the material thru short answers that have been beneficial to dont forget. My next advancement obliged me to choose killexams.com for all my destiny checks. i was in an problem the way to blanket all of the material interior three-week time.

in which can i discover 000-190 exam look at assist on internet?

I knew that I had to cleared my 000-190 exam to retain my job in current company and it was not easy job without some help. It was just amazing for me to learn so much from killexams.com preparation pack in form of 000-190 questions answers and exam simulator. Now I proud to announce that I am 000-190 Certified. Great work killexams.

Start preparing these 000-190 questions answers and chillout.

It became a very short desire to have killexams.com QA as my have a test associate for 000-190. I couldnt control my happiness as I started out seeing the questions on display; they were like copied questions from killexams.com dumps, so accurate. This helped me to pass with 90 seven% inside sixty five minutes into the exam.

These 000-190 questions and answers works in the real test.

My brother saden me telling me that I wasnt going to go through the 000-190 exam. I be aware after I look outdoor the window, such a lot of one of a kind humans need to be seen and heard from and they simply want the attention people however i can tell you that we students can get this attention while we pass our 000-190 test and i will inform you how I cleared my 000-190 test it turned into simplest when I were given my test questions from killexams.com which gave me the hope in my eyes collectively for all time.

right here we're! genuine study, exact end result.

I passed the 000-190 exam last week and fully relied on this dump from killexams.com for my preparation. This is a great way to get certified as somehow the questions come from the real pool of exam questions used by vendor. This way, almost all questions I got on the exam looked familiar, and I knew answers to them. This is very reliable and trustworthy, especially given their money back guarantee (I have a friend who somehow failed an Architect level exam and got his money back, so this is for real).

it is splendid to have 000-190 modern-day dumps.

I could frequently leave out lessons and that would be a massive quandary for me if my parents located out. I needed to cowl my mistakes and ensure that they could agree with in me. I knew that one manner to cowl my errors become to do nicely in my 000-190 test that turned into very near. If I did nicely in my 000-190 test, my parents would really like me again and they did because I turned into able to clear the test. It changed into this killexams.com that gave me the precise instructions. Thank you.

It is unbelieveable questions for 000-190 test.

Im ranked very immoderate amongst my elegance friends on the listing of top class college students however it besthappened when I registered in this killexams.com for a few exam assist. It become the high ranking studying programin this killexams.com that helped me in joining the immoderate ranks at the aspect of different splendid students of my magnificence. The assets on this killexams.com are commendable because of the reality they may be particular and extremely beneficial for preparationthru 000-190, 000-190 dumps and 000-190 books. I am satisfied to put in writing the ones terms of appreciation due to the truth this killexams.com merits it. Thank you.

View Practice Questions »

See more IBM exam dumps

Direct Downloads Here   |   View Vendors, Latest Home

Real Exam Questions and Answers of exams

We offer a huge collection of IBM exam questions and answers, study guides, practice exams, Exam Simulator.

P2090-011 | 000-920 | 00M-237 | 000-136 | C2090-310 | C2180-319 | BAS-004 | 000-N52 | 000-597 | M2020-229 | C2090-620 | A2040-407 | C2010-515 | M9510-648 | 000-422 | 000-118 | 000-751 | C5050-284 | C2050-724 | C2070-448 | 000-600 | 000-583 | 000-875 | 000-559 | C2140-056 | C2210-422 | A2040-925 | 00M-238 | C2150-596 | 000-089 | A2010-598 | A2010-577 | C2030-102 | 000-M245 | 000-020 | 000-218 | 000-M198 | P2065-035 | P2170-016 | 000-M93 | 000-994 | C2040-923 | 000-273 | 000-232 | 000-552 | 000-975 | 000-M36 | 000-713 | 000-105 | C9530-404 |

View Complete IBM Collection »

Latest Exams added

Recently Updated Here   |   View Vendors, Latest Home

Latest Real Exam Questions and Answers Added to Killexams.com

We keep our visitors and customers updated regarding the latest technology certifications by providing reliable and authentic exam preparation material. Our team remain busy in updating 000-190 exam training material as well as reviewing the real exam changes. They try best to provide each and every relevant information about the test for the candidate to get good marks and come out of test center happily.

156-727-77 | 1Z0-936 | 1Z0-980 | 1Z0-992 | 250-441 | 3312 | 3313 | 3314 | 3V00290A | 7497X | AZ-302 | C1000-031 | CAU301 | CCSP | DEA-41T1 | DEA-64T1 | HPE0-J55 | HPE6-A07 | JN0-1301 | PCAP-31-02 | 1Y0-340 | 1Z0-324 | 1Z0-344 | 1Z0-346 | 1Z0-813 | 1Z0-900 | 1Z0-935 | 1Z0-950 | 1Z0-967 | 1Z0-973 | 1Z0-987 | A2040-404 | A2040-918 | AZ-101 | AZ-102 | AZ-200 | AZ-300 | AZ-301 | FortiSandbox | HP2-H65 | HP2-H67 | HPE0-J57 | HPE6-A47 | JN0-662 | MB6-898 | ML0-320 | NS0-159 | NS0-181 | NS0-513 | PEGACPBA73V1 | 1Z0-628 | 1Z0-934 | 1Z0-974 | 1Z0-986 | 202-450 | 500-325 | 70-537 | 70-703 | 98-383 | 9A0-411 | AZ-100 | C2010-530 | C2210-422 | C5050-380 | C9550-413 | C9560-517 | CV0-002 | DES-1721 | MB2-719 | PT0-001 | CPA-REG | CPA-AUD | AACN-CMC | AAMA-CMA | ABEM-EMC | ACF-CCP | ACNP | ACSM-GEI | AEMT | AHIMA-CCS | ANCC-CVNC | ANCC-MSN | ANP-BC | APMLE | AXELOS-MSP | BCNS-CNS | BMAT | CCI | CCN | CCP | CDCA-ADEX | CDM | CFSW | CGRN | CNSC | COMLEX-USA | CPCE | CPM | CRNE | CVPM | DAT | DHORT | CBCP | DSST-HRM | DTR | ESPA-EST | FNS | FSMC | GPTS | IBCLC | IFSEA-CFM | LCAC | LCDC | MHAP | MSNCB | NAPLEX | NBCC-NCC | NBDE-I | NBDE-II | NCCT-ICS | NCCT-TSC | NCEES-FE | NCEES-PE | NCIDQ-CID | NCMA-CMA | NCPT | NE-BC | NNAAP-NA | NRA-FPM | NREMT-NRP | NREMT-PTE | NSCA-CPT | OCS | PACE | PANRE | PCCE | PCCN | PET | RDN | TEAS-N | VACC | WHNP | WPT-R | 156-215-80 | 1D0-621 | 1Y0-402 | 1Z0-545 | 1Z0-581 | 1Z0-853 | 250-430 | 2V0-761 | 700-551 | 700-901 | 7765X | A2040-910 | A2040-921 | C2010-825 | C2070-582 | C5050-384 | CDCS-001 | CFR-210 | NBSTSA-CST | E20-575 | HCE-5420 | HP2-H62 | HPE6-A42 | HQT-4210 | IAHCSMM-CRCST | LEED-GA | MB2-877 | MBLEX | NCIDQ | VCS-316 | 156-915-80 | 1Z0-414 | 1Z0-439 | 1Z0-447 | 1Z0-968 | 300-100 | 3V0-624 | 500-301 | 500-551 | 70-745 | 70-779 | 700-020 | 700-265 | 810-440 | 98-381 | 98-382 | 9A0-410 | CAS-003 | E20-585 | HCE-5710 | HPE2-K42 | HPE2-K43 | HPE2-K44 | HPE2-T34 | MB6-896 | VCS-256 | 1V0-701 | 1Z0-932 | 201-450 | 2VB-602 | 500-651 | 500-701 | 70-705 | 7391X | 7491X | BCB-Analyst | C2090-320 | C2150-609 | IIAP-CAP | CAT-340 | CCC | CPAT | CPFA | APA-CPP | CPT | CSWIP | Firefighter | FTCE | HPE0-J78 | HPE0-S52 | HPE2-E55 | HPE2-E69 | ITEC-Massage | JN0-210 | MB6-897 | N10-007 | PCNSE | VCS-274 | VCS-275 | VCS-413 |

View Recently Added Exams »

See more dumps

Direct Downloads Here   |   View Vendors, Latest Home

Real Exam Questions and Answers of exams

Here are some exams that you can explore by clicking the link below. There are thousands of exams that we provide to our candidates covering almost all the areas of certifications.

000-SS2 | 250-310 | 000-544 | CWNA-107 | CMA | 1Y0-740 | SPS-202 | PEGACLSA_6.2V2 | 1Y1-A19 | 500-325 | 000-674 | HP3-X09 | HP5-H07D | 000-019 | VCP-310 | ST0-058 | HP2-B105 | 1Z0-475 | BI0-210 | MOVF | 000-M13 | HP0-M12 | HP2-E47 | 050-684 | C2040-420 | 000-M237 | HP0-J14 | ISEB-SWTINT1 | 000-807 | C4040-122 | VCI550 | 72-640 | HP0-M101 | 1T6-323 | Adwords-Search | HP0-891 | 9A0-046 | 310-200 | C2150-195 | NS0-101 | HH0-280 | HP2-K31 | PMI-RMP | 70-542-VB | 9A0-097 | 300-180 | 642-467 | 2B0-015 | 70-461 | 000-530 |

View Practice Questions »

Top of the list Vendors

Certification Vendors Here   |   View Exams, Latest Home

Industry Leading Vendors

Top notch vendors that dominate the entire world market by their technology and experties. We try to cover almost all the technology vendors and their certification areas so that our customers and visitors obtain all the information about test at one place.

GIAC | ExtremeNetworks | CIDQ | Informatica | AICPA | mySQL | HRCI | Veritas | EMC | Nortel | Counselor | Certiport | ISACA | Amazon | SNIA | IAAP | Network-General | Hortonworks | DMI | NBSTSA | PARCC | ISEB | SpringSource | Quality-Assurance | ECDL | Wonderlic | Business-Tests | CIPS | Apple | SASInstitute | RES | PostgreSQL-CE | ITEC | AppSense | Citrix | ICDL | iSQI | Prince2 | Polycom | Financial | ECCouncil | Teacher-Certification | RSA | AccessData | IQN | AXELOS | SOA | Nokia | ISA | BICSI |

View Practice Questions »

Sample Real Exam Questions/Answers

Certification Vendors Here   |   View Exams, Latest Home

000-190 Demo and Sample

Note: Answers are below each question.
Samples are taken from full version.

Pass4sure 000-190 dumps | Killexams.com 000-190 real questions | [HOSTED-SITE]



Killexams.com 000-190 Dumps and Real Questions

100% Real Questions - Exam Pass Guarantee with High Marks - Just Memorize the Answers



000-190 exam Dumps Source : AIX Basic Operations V5

Test Code : 000-190
Test Name : AIX Basic Operations V5
Vendor Name : IBM
Q&A : 134 Real Questions

it's miles amazing to have 000-190 question financial institution and have a look at manual.
In recent times i purchased your certification package deal deal and studied it very well. Remaining week I passed the 000-190 and obtained my certification. killexams.com on line sorting out engine become a super tool to prepare the exam. That superior my self guarantee and i without problems passed the certification exam! Noticeably recommended!!! As I had simplest one week left for exam 000-190, I frantically looked for a few precise contents and stopped at killexams.com Q&A. It become shaped with brief question-answers that were clean to recognize. Interior one week, I test as many questions as feasible. Inside the exam, it modified into clean for me to control eighty three% making 50/60 correct answers in due time. killexams.com turn out to be a outstanding solution for me. Thank you.


first rate source latest high-highexcellent 000-190 mind dumps, correct answers.
As im into the IT field, the 000-190 exam modified into important for me to expose up, yet time obstacles made it overwhelming for me to work well. I alluded to the killexams.com Dumps with 2 weeks to strive for the exam. I determined how to complete all of the questions well below due time. The smooth to retain answers make it nicely much less complicated to get geared up. It worked like a whole reference aide and i was flabbergasted with the end result.


in that can i find out 000-190 exam look at help on net?
ive seen severa matters publicized adage utilize this and score the fine but your objects had been completely exquisite as contrasted with others. i will go back quickly to purchase greater test aids. I genuinely wished to mention a debt of gratitude is so as regarding your incredible 000-190 test guide. I took the exam this week and finished soundly. nothing had taught me the thoughts the way killexams.com Questions & solutions did. I solved ninety five% questions.


What do you imply with the aid of 000-190 examination dumps?
I changed into so much lazy and didnt need to work hard and usually searched quick cuts and handy strategies. While i used to be doing an IT route 000-190 and it became very difficult for me and didnt able to discover any manual line then i heard about the website online which had been very famous in the marketplace. I were given it and my problems removed in few days when i started it. The sample and exercise questions helped me loads in my prep of 000-190 exams and i efficaciously secured right marks as nicely. That became just because of the killexams.


New Syllabus 000-190 examination prep observe manual with questions are provided here.
i am not a fan of online thoughts dumps, because they are frequently posted with the aid of using irresponsible individuals who deceive you into gaining knowledge of belongings you dont need and lacking matters that you really need to realise. No longer killexams. This organization gives virtually valid questions solutions that help you get via your exam guidance. That is how I passed 000-190 exam. First time, First I relied on free on line stuff and that i failed. I were given killexams.com 000-190 exam simulator - and that i passed. That is the handiest evidence I need. Thanks killexams.


a way to put together for 000-190 examination?
Howdy there fellows, without a doubt to inform you that I passed 000-190 exam an afternoon or ago with 88% marks. Certain, the exam is hard and killexams.com Q&A and exam Simulator does make existence less difficult - a super deal! I assume this unit is the unrivaled cause I passed the exam. As a matter of first importance, their exam simulator is a gift. I generally loved the questions and-solution organisation and test of different sorts in mild of the fact that this isthe maximum perfect technique to research.


discovered an accurate source for actual 000-190 dumps.
Subsequently, at the dinner table, my father requested me without delay if i was going to fail my upcoming 000-190 check and that i responded with a very enterprise No way. He modified into impressed with my self assurance however i wasso scared of disappointing him. Thank God for this killexams.com because it helped me in maintaining my phrase and clearing my 000-190 test with top class consequences. I am thankful.


Read books for 000-190 knowledge but ensure your success with these Q&A.
I scored 88% marks. A decent partner of mine recommended the utilization of killexams.com Questions & solutions, due to the fact she had likewise passed her exam in view of them. all of the material turned into super first-class. Getting enlisted for the 000-190 exam changed into simple, but then came the troublesome element. I had a few alternatives, both enlists for commonplace instructions and surrenders my low protection profession, or test on my own and proceed with the employment.


first rate possibility to get certified 000-190 examination.
Well, I did it and I can not believe it. I could never have passed the 000-190 without your help. My score was so high I was amazed at my performance. Its just because of you. Thank you very much!!!


these 000-190 questions and solutions works in the real test.
Im very masses happy along with your test papers particularly with the solved issues. Your test papers gave me courage to seem in the 000-190 paper with self assurance. The end result is seventy seven.25%. Over again I complete heartedly thank the killexams.com employer. No other manner to pass the 000-190 exam apart from killexams.com model papers. I in my view cleared distinct test with the help of killexams.com question economic organization. I suggest it to each one. If you need to pass the 000-190 exam then take killexams.com help.


IBM AIX Basic Operations V5

gadget core Operations manager 2007 R2 non-home windows OS aid | killexams.com Real Questions and Pass4sure dumps

Microsoft has announced currently that it has completed the work concentrated on offering to valued clientele Cooperative Technical guide in collaboration with Linux supplier crimson Hat. Designed to boost help alternate options for organizations operating heterogeneous IT environments, the Cooperative Technical help streamlines the use of windows Server platforms and red Hat business Linux with virtualization options from each companies. in addition, Microsoft has also labored to ensure that its IT infrastructure administration items embrace open-source software, together with Linux and UNIX operating programs, notably to support purchasers with mixed supply environments.

“Microsoft provides the methods management tools, via system center suite, to manage actual and virtual IT programs and functions, together with non-windows utility corresponding to purple Hat business Linux. We do a world-category job of managing purple Hat business Linux, so purchasers can use one pane of glass to control their legacy Unix and Linux environments in conjunction with their home windows Server environments,” revealed Mike Neil, commonplace manager of windows Server and Server Virtualization.

Microsoft has tweaked Operations manager 2007 R2 with a purpose to present aid for monitoring now not just its own utility, including home windows client and server structures, but additionally operating methods from HP, sun, purple Hat, Novell and IBM. furthermore, the business referred to, management packs can be found from numerous partners corresponding to Novell, which allow it to extend the default monitoring and management capabilities to encompass methods running MySQL, and even Apache HTTP Server.

apart from home windows environments, “device core Operations supervisor 2007 R2 supports monitoring of here operating programs: HP-UX 11i v2 and v3 (PA-RISC and IA64); sun Solaris eight and 9 (SPARC) and Solaris 10 (SPARC and x86); red Hat commercial enterprise Linux 4 (x86/x64) and 5 (x86/x64) Server; Novell SUSE Linux commercial enterprise Server 9 (x86) and 10 SP1 (x86/x64); [and]IBM AIX v5.three and v6.1 (energy),” Neil referred to.

Microsoft gadget core Operations manager 2007 R2 assessment down load is attainable here.


What to know about the IBM information Governance Catalog | killexams.com Real Questions and Pass4sure dumps

The IBM InfoSphere suggestions Governance Catalog data governance device helps enterprises determine, shop and control IT and enterprise facts belongings which are elementary for daily operations. It provides a important location for employees to look for and entry key statistics phrases and enterprise suggestions property that are up up to now and trustworthy.

The workflow-oriented data governance tool offers users a method of building guidelines to dictate how an commercial enterprise's facts should be dealt with throughout all its channels. The tool's focal point is on supporting the enterprise groups which have centered commonplace statistics requisites and the IT crew that as a result manages this records.

How does the application guide facts governance tasks?

at the core of counsel Governance Catalog is its records cataloging equipment. This enables corporations to build their statistics word list the usage of points for organising properties for governance policies and rules, as well as records classes, labels, terms and linked metadata. It also gives elements for outlining the relationships between policies and rules and classes and terms, making the administration of old and new facts as intuitive as feasible.

categories, labels, phrases, and governance policies and guidelines, as neatly as the basic statistics hierarchy structure, will also be created and customized manually from the glossary construction characteristic. moreover, the suggestions Governance Catalog permits clients to effortlessly import present governance policies and guidelines, classes and labels the use of its import wizard. These gadgets will also be imported in comma-separated values or extensible markup language format, or pulled from compatible IBM software akin to InfoSphere business word list and InfoSphere Metadata Asset manager.

users need to be assigned a workflow and safety position before they are able to entry the catalog. This roles-primarily based entry ensures that only applicable employees can create, entry and manipulate facts assets approved to them. users can be assigned each workflow and protection roles. Workflow roles are given to users who can be establishing -- and later managing -- the a number of classes and terms inside the catalog. There are four workflow roles in the utility: editor, reviewer, approver and writer. users with workflow roles are supplied access to a developmental word list that permits them to preview and edit belongings earlier than they may be posted. best users with particular workflow roles can create, approve, edit, evaluation and put up belongings found in the thesaurus.

as soon as the glossary is operational, safety roles are given to clients who will access and interact with the facts assets inside the catalog. There are seven security roles within the utility, each and every with its personal interesting access and editing expertise: thesaurus simple consumer, consumer, thesaurus author, glossary administrator, assistance asset creator, information asset administrator and tips asset assigner. additionally, the application provides a function for assigning facts stewards -- people or groups -- that can assist manipulate statistics assets as soon as they're posted.

clients with protection roles have access to the catalog by means of an internet browser, which enables them to attain stored statistics from anywhere they've information superhighway entry. they can also entry lineage experiences of records that allow them to graphically identify the place the statistics within the thesaurus originated, helping to increase self assurance within the accuracy of the statistics. The latest version of information Governance Catalog, eleven.5 RUP1, also points features for facts classification, which helps clients determine for my part identifiable counsel or other delicate information across multiple facts sets. The compliance reporting function lets organizations schedule, down load, distribute and archive custom lineage studies in PDF format.

Who merits from the usage of counsel Governance Catalog?

IBM's facts governance application will also be used with the aid of organizations of all sizes to create a centralized equipment for storing and managing the data assets fundamental to creating their business prosper. a success facts governance involves attempting to find and gaining access to correct and professional data, however it hinges on the establishment of defined records policies, implementation instructions and common business vocabulary that make managing the facts as effortless as viable.

How is the application licensed and priced?

information Governance Catalog is obtainable as on-premises utility with customer-server structure. It will also be deployed on AIX, Linux and windows server techniques, and clients can entry the software via the Microsoft cyber web Explorer or Mozilla Firefox internet browsers. Pricing is according to a server skill-based mostly processor cost unit size. as a result, posted pricing is unavailable, and people drawn to purchasing the utility should still contact IBM directly. There are three versions of the software attainable:

  • InfoSphere guidance Governance Catalog, which is most desirable applicable for medium-dimension to massive organizations.
  • InfoSphere suggestions Governance Catalog Workgroup, which is restricted to a optimum of 480 PVUs and 5 approved users, making it most desirable applicable for smaller corporations.
  • InfoSphere counsel Governance Catalog for statistics Warehousing, which is priced explicitly for use with familiar statistics warehousing techniques comparable to IBM Netezza, IBM Pure statistics and Teradata.
  • A 12-month guide software is covered with tips Governance Catalog. additional help may well be purchased from IBM. All valid assist contracts additionally deliver access to available software enhancements throughout the contract length. No trial is available, but IBM will deliver agencies with proof of idea or a product demonstration before buy.


    constructing enormously-purchasable Apps With IBM Container carrier, Kubernetes, and Rancher 2.0 | killexams.com Real Questions and Pass4sure dumps

    here is the first in a four-part sequence on "constructing microservice statistics lakes with IBM Cloud." in this series, we will discover how one can use IBM Cloud to deploy microservice applications, shop data generated by way of those microservices in IBM Cloud Object Storage, after which question across that data the usage of IBM Cloud SQL question.

    building an application within the cloud has certainly not been more convenient...or more durable...

    due to the fact that the starting of time (which in accordance with Unix is Jan 1, 1970), server-facet developers have been attempting to find the holy grail of server-side development: a utility structure that scales infinitely, heals instantly, and is at all times obtainable.

    today, those dreams are generally achievable through the use of Docker containers and Kubernetes clusters. developers can create functions that work collectively as an ecosystem of microservices, which every function a selected function. These containers may also be became on and off to accommodate sudden spikes in server-aspect traffic, and new servers may also be introduced immediately and simply when the present cluster runs out of resources. The containers all hook up with each different the usage of a VPN that can span information facilities across varied regions all over the area, and containers may also be deploy to instantly delivery up on new servers when they're added.

    Of path, this all sounds terrific, but how does a developer attracted to leveraging this technology in reality use it?

    in this article, we'll dip our toes within the water by means of growing an IBM managed Kubernetes cluster, and take a look at how we will install purposes into that cluster the use of Rancher 2.0.

    Let's get began...

    making a Kubernetes Cluster on IBM Cloud

    constructing a extremely-obtainable Kubernetes cluster is a challenge, even with the many tools available to builders for creating them. fortunately for builders working in the IBM Cloud, the IBM Cloud Kubernetes carrier provides a tool for creating a working totally-purchasable Kubernetes cluster with simply just a few clicks.

    we are going to beginning by logging into the IBM Cloud dashboard at https://console.bluemix.web the usage of your IBM Cloud account. in case you do not already have one, that you can register at https://ibm.com/cloud.

    you will create a brand new Kubernetes cluster by way of opening up the Catalog from the accurate navigation menu and typing kubernetes into the quest box.

    select the Containers in Kubernetes Clusters and you may be prompted to create your cluster. click on on the Create button to installation a new cluster.

    From the Create web page, that you can either try issues out with the Free plan, or you can spin up a production-ready cluster. From right here you are going to additionally opt for the statistics middle vicinity you'll like to use and, if you are deploying a creation-equipped cluster, how many worker nodes you'd want to have. in the event you're chuffed with the effects, give your cluster a reputation and click Create Cluster to birth the servers.

    once you click on Create Cluster, it will take just a few moments on your cluster to conclude deploying. as the cluster is deploying, you're going to be redirected to the cluster deployment page. The entry tab contains a set of commands so that you can use to have interaction with your new Kubernetes cluster. observe the guidelines on the access tab to your deployment web page to deploy the Kubernetes and IBM Cloud command line equipment that'll be effective within the subsequent area, and you can use them to test the connection to your new cluster.

    once you are in a position to receive a response from the kubectl get nodes command, your cluster can be able to installation containers into.

    setting up Rancher 2.0

    Now that you have a working Kubernetes cluster, or not it's time to beginning deploying functions into your cluster. while you may use the kubectl command to achieve this, tools like Rancher can make managing the operations of a Kubernetes cluster lots simpler.

    Rancher itself is deployed as a Docker container. Run it through executing the following docker command:

    docker run -d --restart=unless-stopped rancher/rancher -p 80:80 -p 443:443

    this will beginning up Rancher and allow connections on port 80 and 443 of your host laptop to move through to the Rancher container. once the container has begun and the services are activated, that you would be able to log in through navigating to https://localhost for your net browser.

    Your first order of enterprise is to create an administrative user and to supply that person a strong password.

    next, you'll need to configure the URL that different servers in your cluster will use to entry your Rancher instance. or not it's essential that this URL is obtainable by way of all machines in the cluster.

    when you've saved the URL, you will be taken to the Clusters page. Rancher lets you control dissimilar Kubernetes clusters, so this page will serve because the starting factor for all the clusters you install and control with Rancher.

    Rancher 2.0 acts because the master of its own Kubernetes cluster, but considering the fact that we already have a Kubernetes cluster running in IBM Cloud, let's take a glance at how we will add this present cluster to Rancher.

    Importing Your IBM Cloud Kubernetes service Cluster With Rancher

    Now that we've Rancher running and a Kubernetes cluster install in the IBM Cloud, or not it's time to "join the dots" and import our current Kubernetes setup into Rancher. From the Clusters web page, click on the Add Cluster button:

    you'll see a couple of options for cloud providers. These alternatives help you create a new cluster at once inside the Rancher atmosphere. because we now have already created our cluster, let's select the IMPORT alternative and convey our latest cluster into the Rancher tool. provide the cluster a memorable identify and click on on the Create button.

    Importing the cluster itself is an easy remember of making use of a Kubernetes configuration to your IBM Cloud Kubernetes service cluster. Run the given kubectl command to your IBM Cloud Kubernetes carrier cluster the usage of the command line equipment you installed earlier.

    notice: At this stage, having an accessible installing of Rancher is vital. in case your Rancher illustration isn't obtainable from the popular web, it be doubtless that you won't be in a position to import your cluster.

    you will comprehend that the configuration has been utilized effectively when the Clusters web page indicates the fitness of the nodes on your cluster.

    Now that we now have a connection to our Kubernetes cluster, let's create our first container the use of Rancher.

    initiatives, Namespaces, and Pods: Oh My!

    earlier than we dive too tons additional, we may still take a second to speak about the primary vocabulary of Kubernetes. when you are already established with these concepts, that you can bypass ahead to the Rancher tasks section.

    Docker containers running in Kubernetes are grouped collectively the usage of just a few different layers. in this section, we will discover these groupings and the terminology we'll deserve to take into account the technique of working a container.

    Nodes

    A Node in Kubernetes is usually a single server aid or compute unit. It represents the physical or virtual server that could be running all your containers and is used to support visualize and control the resources that your whole cluster is consuming. distinctive nodes are continually run together in a high-Availability ambiance, with grasp or API nodes featuring access and administration of distinctive worker nodes. The employee nodes use all of their components to run the functions you installation into your cluster.

    Pods

    Containers are run in a single logical unit known as a Pod. Pods are the smallest unit of deployment and typically run most effective a single container (however containers which are VERY TIGHTLY COUPLED can be run within the equal pod together). Pods are used to abstract out a single component of your software into whatever thing that will also be deployed, managed, and run within the Kubernetes cluster.

    Namespaces

    Pods which are regarding each other can be grouped together into Namespaces. These namespaces are more than just a logical grouping - they definitely have an effect on how containers are networked collectively, with containers in the equal namespace in a position to access each and every other with the aid of local name in preference to a domain name.

    capabilities

    through default, pods are remoted from every different on the network and are unable to entry each and every different. To communicate between pods, which you could create a service for that pod. capabilities expose a pod to the native network by way of a local domain name with the structure <container_name>.<namespace_name>.svc.cluster.native, and pods within the same namespace can access every by using container identify on my own.

    Ingresses

    plenty like services expose pods to the native community, Ingresses expose a provider to the prevalent internet. Ingresses are the entry factor of the outdoor world into the VPN that containers use to speak with each and every different.

    Rancher initiatives

    The last unit of corporation we will discuss is a challenge, which isn't a part of Kubernetes however is a feature of Rancher. Rancher projects are used to manage access to elements within Rancher, so any Kubernetes substances that you simply'd want to manipulate in Rancher must be a part of a mission. for instance, if you'd like to control applications in the kube-gadget namespace, you're going to need to flow them into a project to manipulate those components. that you could also use initiatives if in case you have groups of builders and want to finely handle who's in a position to replace and manage the elements for a selected undertaking.

    Deploying Your First Container With Rancher

    Now that you've got a way of the structure of applications in Rancher, it be time to launch your first container. we'll are looking to launch our container into a project inside our Rancher example, and a namespace inside our Kubernetes cluster. after we created our cluster in Rancher, a brand new mission known as "default" become created. Kubernetes also has a default namespace that we can get began with correct away. To deploy into our new namespace, select default from the cluster drop-down menu.

    this could drop you into the namespace with a number of menu options. To install our utility, we'll wish to create a workload, which is an extra identify for software. when you select your default namespace, you're going to be immediately dropped into the workloads tab. that you can also click workloads to navigate to this interface.

    From right here, that you would be able to either import an existing container application the use of a Kubernetes YAML file (by means of clicking on the Import YAML button) or use the Rancher container deployment wizard with the aid of clicking the deploy button. Let's are attempting the latter. click on the installation button and you should still be taken to the deployment wizard.

    here, that you can adjust the settings of your workload earlier than launching it. The picture is the Docker picture that will be deployed (the photo will instantly be pulled from DockerHub if it isn't purchasable locally). there are lots of settings here that you would be able to adjust that are outside of the scope of this text, but for now, we will go away this as a simple busybox deployment with a name of "examine". click the Launch button and your container can be deployed onto your cluster.

    once your container is launched and lively, that you would be able to operate moves in your container via chosen the context menu on the correct-hand side of the deployment.

    Clicking on Execute Shell will convey into a bash terminal and help you interact without delay with the container's underlying utility.

    you could additionally toggle the scaling submenu the use of the arrow on the appropriate of your deployment, which offers alternatives for scaling up or down your deployment to varied pods and lets you monitor or handle individual pods to your deployment.

    Wrapping It Up

    in this article, we took a primary examine deploying purposes into the IBM Cloud Kubernetes service using Rancher. This may still offer you a great foundation for getting started with working purposes in the IBM Cloud. within the subsequent articles in this sequence, we are going to take a deeper look at how our microservice purposes can have interaction natively with different IBM Cloud services. we will also find out how to install microservice applications inside our IBM Cloud Kubernetes carrier, set up a microservice carrier mesh, shop data the usage of IBM Cloud Object Storage, question that facts using IBM Cloud SQL question, execute IBM Cloud services from our Kubernetes functions, and attach all of the pieces together seamlessly the usage of Kubernetes-native services.


    Unquestionably it is hard assignment to pick dependable certification questions/answers assets regarding review, reputation and validity since individuals get sham because of picking incorrectly benefit. Killexams.com ensure to serve its customers best to its assets concerning exam dumps update and validity. The vast majority of other's sham report dissension customers come to us for the brain dumps and pass their exams joyfully and effortlessly. We never trade off on our review, reputation and quality on the grounds that killexams review, killexams reputation and killexams customer certainty is imperative to us. Uniquely we deal with killexams.com review, killexams.com reputation, killexams.com sham report objection, killexams.com trust, killexams.com validity, killexams.com report and killexams.com scam. On the off chance that you see any false report posted by our rivals with the name killexams sham report grievance web, killexams.com sham report, killexams.com scam, killexams.com protest or something like this, simply remember there are constantly awful individuals harming reputation of good administrations because of their advantages. There are a huge number of fulfilled clients that pass their exams utilizing killexams.com brain dumps, killexams PDF questions, killexams hone questions, killexams exam simulator. Visit Killexams.com, our specimen questions and test brain dumps, our exam simulator and you will realize that killexams.com is the best brain dumps site.

    [OPTIONAL-CONTENTS-2]


    C2020-622 questions and answers | 1Z0-321 practice test | 920-199 real questions | 310-220 cheat sheets | FC0-TS1 questions answers | 3305 test prep | HP2-E18 cram | 310-056 braindumps | C2040-917 real questions | HP0-240 VCE | 311-232 questions and answers | M2020-620 brain dumps | 70-333 test prep | HP0-A22 exam prep | 650-251 sample test | LOT-802 mock exam | GD0-110 braindumps | ST0-148 examcollection | 000-560 dump | 9L0-006 free pdf download |


    Free Pass4sure 000-190 question bank
    killexams.com pleased with our recognition of helping people pass the 000-190 test of their very first attempt. Our achievements inside the past two years have been absolutely superb, way to our glad customers who are now able to boost their career within the speedy lane. killexams.com is the number one choice amongst IT professionals, especially the ones who are looking to climb up the hierarchy ranges faster of their respective corporations.

    We have our experts working continuously for the collection of real exam questions of 000-190. All the pass4sure questions and answers of 000-190 gathered by using our crew are reviewed and up to date through our IBM certified team. We stay connected to the applicants regarded in the 000-190 exam to get their evaluations approximately the 000-190 exam, we collect 000-190 exam tips and hints, their enjoy approximately the techniques used within the real 000-190 exam, the errors they accomplished inside the actual exam after which enhance our material accordingly. Click http://killexams.com/pass4sure/exam-detail/000-190 Once you undergo our pass4sure questions and answers, you will feel assured about all the subjects of exam and experience that your know-how has been greatly stepped forward. These pass4sure questions and answers are not simply exercise questions, these are real exam questions and answers which will be sufficient to pass the 000-190 exam at first attempt. killexams.com Huge Discount Coupons and Promo Codes are as beneath;
    WC2017 : 60% Discount Coupon for all exams on website
    PROF17 : 10% Discount Coupon for Orders greater than $69
    DEAL17 : 15% Discount Coupon for Orders more than $99
    DECSPECIAL : 10% Special Discount Coupon for All Orders

    killexams.com helps millions of candidates pass the exams and get their certifications. We have thousands of successful reviews. Our dumps are reliable, affordable, updated and of really best quality to overcome the difficulties of any IT certifications. killexams.com exam dumps are latest updated in highly outclass manner on regular basis and material is released periodically. Latest killexams.com dumps are available in testing centers with whom we are maintaining our relationship to get latest material.

    The killexams.com exam questions for 000-190 AIX Basic Operations V5 exam is mainly based on two accessible formats, PDF and Practice questions. PDF file carries all the exam questions, answers which makes your preparation easier. While the Practice questions are the complimentary feature in the exam product. Which helps to self-assess your progress. The evaluation tool also questions your weak areas, where you need to put more efforts so that you can improve all your concerns.

    killexams.com recommend you to must try its free demo, you will notice the intuitive UI and also you will find it very easy to customize the preparation mode. But make sure that, the real 000-190 product has more features than the trial version. If, you are contented with its demo then you can purchase the actual 000-190 exam product. Avail 3 months Free updates upon purchase of 000-190 AIX Basic Operations V5 Exam questions. killexams.com offers you three months free update upon acquisition of 000-190 AIX Basic Operations V5 exam questions. Our expert team is always available at back end who updates the content as and when required.

    killexams.com Huge Discount Coupons and Promo Codes are as under;
    WC2017 : 60% Discount Coupon for all exams on website
    PROF17 : 10% Discount Coupon for Orders greater than $69
    DEAL17 : 15% Discount Coupon for Orders greater than $99
    DECSPECIAL : 10% Special Discount Coupon for All Orders


    [OPTIONAL-CONTENTS-4]


    Killexams 1Z1-507 study guide | Killexams ST0-029 braindumps | Killexams 250-319 mock exam | Killexams VTNE sample test | Killexams P8060-017 study guide | Killexams CEH-001 cram | Killexams CFE exam questions | Killexams DAT real questions | Killexams HP0-266 examcollection | Killexams JK0-022 free pdf | Killexams C9530-001 exam prep | Killexams 310-014 practice test | Killexams JN0-341 Practice test | Killexams 310-015 brain dumps | Killexams 9A0-061 practice questions | Killexams HP0-065 questions answers | Killexams 1Z1-051 Practice Test | Killexams 1Z1-052 questions and answers | Killexams HP0-S24 real questions | Killexams C7020-230 braindumps |


    [OPTIONAL-CONTENTS-5]

    View Complete list of Killexams.com Brain dumps


    Killexams 6002 dumps questions | Killexams CMQ-OE questions and answers | Killexams 1Z0-961 questions answers | Killexams BH0-009 examcollection | Killexams 000-665 brain dumps | Killexams 000-P03 practice questions | Killexams IREB real questions | Killexams 74-409 practice questions | Killexams A00-211 questions and answers | Killexams EC0-349 practice test | Killexams 190-849 real questions | Killexams C9520-420 real questions | Killexams 000-816 cram | Killexams HP3-X06 braindumps | Killexams 000-430 free pdf | Killexams HP2-B120 free pdf | Killexams VCS-252 Practice Test | Killexams 920-482 brain dumps | Killexams BAS-013 mock exam | Killexams 922-072 sample test |


    AIX Basic Operations V5

    Pass 4 sure 000-190 dumps | Killexams.com 000-190 real questions | [HOSTED-SITE]

    GSSAPI Authentication and Kerberos v5 | killexams.com real questions and Pass4sure dumps

    This chapter is from the book 

    This section discusses the GSSAPI mechanism, in particular, Kerberos v5 and how this works in conjunction with the Sun ONE Directory Server 5.2 software and what is involved in implementing such a solution. Please be aware that this is not a trivial task.

    It’s worth taking a brief look at the relationship between the Generic Security Services Application Program Interface (GSSAPI) and Kerberos v5.

    The GSSAPI does not actually provide security services itself. Rather, it is a framework that provides security services to callers in a generic fashion, with a range of underlying mechanisms and technologies such as Kerberos v5. The current implementation of the GSSAPI only works with the Kerberos v5 security mechanism. The best way to think about the relationship between GSSAPI and Kerberos is in the following manner: GSSAPI is a network authentication protocol abstraction that allows Kerberos credentials to be used in an authentication exchange. Kerberos v5 must be installed and running on any system on which GSSAPI-aware programs are running.

    The support for the GSSAPI is made possible in the directory server through the introduction of a new SASL library, which is based on the Cyrus CMU implementation. Through this SASL framework, DIGEST-MD5 is supported as explained previously, and GSSAPI which implements Kerberos v5. Additional GSSAPI mechanisms do exist. For example, GSSAPI with SPNEGO support would be GSS-SPNEGO. Other GSS mechanism names are based on the GSS mechanisms OID.

    The Sun ONE Directory Server 5.2 software only supports the use of GSSAPI on Solaris OE. There are implementations of GSSAPI for other operating systems (for example, Linux), but the Sun ONE Directory Server 5.2 software does not use them on platforms other than the Solaris OE.

    Understanding GSSAPI

    The Generic Security Services Application Program Interface (GSSAPI) is a standard interface, defined by RFC 2743, that provides a generic authentication and secure messaging interface, whereby these security mechanisms can be plugged in. The most commonly referred to GSSAPI mechanism is the Kerberos mechanism that is based on secret key cryptography.

    One of the main aspects of GSSAPI is that it allows developers to add secure authentication and privacy (encryption and or integrity checking) protection to data being passed over the wire by writing to a single programming interface. This is shown in FIGURE 3-2.

    03fig02.gifFigure 3-2. GSSAPI Layers

    The underlying security mechanisms are loaded at the time the programs are executed, as opposed to when they are compiled and built. In practice, the most commonly used GSSAPI mechanism is Kerberos v5. The Solaris OE provides a few different flavors of Diffie-Hellman GSSAPI mechanisms, which are only useful to NIS+ applications.

    What can be confusing is that developers might write applications that write directly to the Kerberos API, or they might write GSSAPI applications that request the Kerberos mechanism. There is a big difference, and applications that talk Kerberos directly cannot communicate with those that talk GSSAPI. The wire protocols are not compatible, even though the underlying Kerberos protocol is in use. An example is telnet with Kerberos is a secure telnet program that authenticates a telnet user and encrypts data, including passwords exchanged over the network during the telnet session. The authentication and message protection features are provided using Kerberos. The telnet application with Kerberos only uses Kerberos, which is based on secret-key technology. However, a telnet program written to the GSSAPI interface can use Kerberos as well as other security mechanisms supported by GSSAPI.

    The Solaris OE does not deliver any libraries that provide support for third-party companies to program directly to the Kerberos API. The goal is to encourage developers to use the GSSAPI. Many open-source Kerberos implementations (MIT, Heimdal) allow users to write Kerberos applications directly.

    On the wire, the GSSAPI is compatible with Microsoft’s SSPI and thus GSSAPI applications can communicate with Microsoft applications that use SSPI and Kerberos.

    The GSSAPI is preferred because it is a standardized API, whereas Kerberos is not. This means that the MIT Kerberos development team might change the programming interface anytime, and any applications that exist today might not work in the future without some code modifications. Using GSSAPI avoids this problem.

    Another benefit of GSSAPI is its pluggable feature, which is a big benefit, especially if a developer later decides that there is a better authentication method than Kerberos, because it can easily be plugged into the system and the existing GSSAPI applications should be able to use it without being recompiled or patched in any way.

    Understanding Kerberos v5

    Kerberos is a network authentication protocol designed to provide strong authentication for client/server applications by using secret-key cryptography. Originally developed at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, it is included in the Solaris OE to provide strong authentication for Solaris OE network applications.

    In addition to providing a secure authentication protocol, Kerberos also offers the ability to add privacy support (encrypted data streams) for remote applications such as telnet, ftp, rsh, rlogin, and other common UNIX network applications. In the Solaris OE, Kerberos can also be used to provide strong authentication and privacy support for Network File Systems (NFS), allowing secure and private file sharing across the network.

    Because of its widespread acceptance and implementation in other operating systems, including Windows 2000, HP-UX, and Linux, the Kerberos authentication protocol can interoperate in a heterogeneous environment, allowing users on machines running one OS to securely authenticate themselves on hosts of a different OS.

    The Kerberos software is available for Solaris OE versions 2.6, 7, 8, and 9 in a separate package called the Sun Enterprise Authentication Mechanism (SEAM) software. For Solaris 2.6 and Solaris 7 OE, Sun Enterprise Authentication Mechanism software is included as part of the Solaris Easy Access Server 3.0 (Solaris SEAS) package. For Solaris 8 OE, the Sun Enterprise Authentication Mechanism software package is available with the Solaris 8 OE Admin Pack.

    For Solaris 2.6 and Solaris 7 OE, the Sun Enterprise Authentication Mechanism software is freely available as part of the Solaris Easy Access Server 3.0 package available for download from:

    http://www.sun.com/software/solaris/7/ds/ds-seas.

    For Solaris 8 OE systems, Sun Enterprise Authentication Mechanism software is available in the Solaris 8 OE Admin Pack, available for download from:

    http://www.sun.com/bigadmin/content/adminPack/index.html.

    For Solaris 9 OE systems, Sun Enterprise Authentication Mechanism software is already installed by default and contains the following packages listed in TABLE 3-1.

    Table 3-1. Solaris 9 OE Kerberos v5 Packages

    Package Name

    Description

    SUNWkdcr

    Kerberos v5 KDC (root)

    SUNWkdcu

    Kerberos v5 Master KDC (user)

    SUNWkrbr

    Kerberos version 5 support (Root)

    SUNWkrbu

    Kerberos version 5 support (Usr)

    SUNWkrbux

    Kerberos version 5 support (Usr) (64-bit)

    All of these Sun Enterprise Authentication Mechanism software distributions are based on the MIT KRB5 Release version 1.0. The client programs in these distributions are compatible with later MIT releases (1.1, 1.2) and with other implementations that are compliant with the standard.

    How Kerberos Works

    The following is an overview of the Kerberos v5 authentication system. From the user’s standpoint, Kerberos v5 is mostly invisible after the Kerberos session has been started. Initializing a Kerberos session often involves no more than logging in and providing a Kerberos password.

    The Kerberos system revolves around the concept of a ticket. A ticket is a set of electronic information that serves as identification for a user or a service such as the NFS service. Just as your driver’s license identifies you and indicates what driving permissions you have, so a ticket identifies you and your network access privileges. When you perform a Kerberos-based transaction (for example, if you use rlogin to log in to another machine), your system transparently sends a request for a ticket to a Key Distribution Center, or KDC. The KDC accesses a database to authenticate your identity and returns a ticket that grants you permission to access the other machine. Transparently means that you do not need to explicitly request a ticket.

    Tickets have certain attributes associated with them. For example, a ticket can be forwardable (which means that it can be used on another machine without a new authentication process), or postdated (not valid until a specified time). How tickets are used (for example, which users are allowed to obtain which types of tickets) is set by policies that are determined when Kerberos is installed or administered.

    You will frequently see the terms credential and ticket. In the Kerberos world, they are often used interchangeably. Technically, however, a credential is a ticket plus the session key for that session.

    Initial Authentication

    Kerberos authentication has two phases, an initial authentication that allows for all subsequent authentications, and the subsequent authentications themselves.

    A client (a user, or a service such as NFS) begins a Kerberos session by requesting a ticket-granting ticket (TGT) from the Key Distribution Center (KDC). This request is often done automatically at login.

    A ticket-granting ticket is needed to obtain other tickets for specific services. Think of the ticket-granting ticket as something similar to a passport. Like a passport, the ticket-granting ticket identifies you and allows you to obtain numerous “visas,” where the “visas” (tickets) are not for foreign countries, but for remote machines or network services. Like passports and visas, the ticket-granting ticket and the other various tickets have limited lifetimes. The difference is that Kerberized commands notice that you have a passport and obtain the visas for you. You don’t have to perform the transactions yourself.

    The KDC creates a ticket-granting ticket and sends it back, in encrypted form, to the client. The client decrypts the ticket-granting ticket using the client’s password.

    Now in possession of a valid ticket-granting ticket, the client can request tickets for all sorts of network operations for as long as the ticket-granting ticket lasts. This ticket usually lasts for a few hours. Each time the client performs a unique network operation, it requests a ticket for that operation from the KDC.

    Subsequent Authentications

    The client requests a ticket for a particular service from the KDC by sending the KDC its ticket-granting ticket as proof of identity.

  • The KDC sends the ticket for the specific service to the client.

    For example, suppose user lucy wants to access an NFS file system that has been shared with krb5 authentication required. Since she is already authenticated (that is, she already has a ticket-granting ticket), as she attempts to access the files, the NFS client system automatically and transparently obtains a ticket from the KDC for the NFS service.

  • The client sends the ticket to the server.

    When using the NFS service, the NFS client automatically and transparently sends the ticket for the NFS service to the NFS server.

  • The server allows the client access.

    These steps make it appear that the server doesn’t ever communicate with the KDC. The server does, though, as it registers itself with the KDC, just as the first client does.

  • Principals

    A client is identified by its principal. A principal is a unique identity to which the KDC can assign tickets. A principal can be a user, such as joe, or a service, such as NFS.

    By convention, a principal name is divided into three parts: the primary, the instance, and the realm. A typical principal could be, for example, lucy/admin@EXAMPLE.COM, where:

    lucy is the primary. The primary can be a user name, as shown here, or a service, such as NFS. The primary can also be the word host, which signifies that this principal is a service principal that is set up to provide various network services.

    admin is the instance. An instance is optional in the case of user principals, but it is required for service principals. For example, if the user lucy sometimes acts as a system administrator, she can use lucy/admin to distinguish herself from her usual user identity. Likewise, if Lucy has accounts on two different hosts, she can use two principal names with different instances (for example, lucy/california.example.com and lucy/boston.example.com).

    Realms

    A realm is a logical network, similar to a domain, which defines a group of systems under the same master KDC. Some realms are hierarchical (one realm being a superset of the other realm). Otherwise, the realms are non-hierarchical (or direct) and the mapping between the two realms must be defined.

    Realms and KDC Servers

    Each realm must include a server that maintains the master copy of the principal database. This server is called the master KDC server. Additionally, each realm should contain at least one slave KDC server, which contains duplicate copies of the principal database. Both the master KDC server and the slave KDC server create tickets that are used to establish authentication.

    Understanding the Kerberos KDC

    The Kerberos Key Distribution Center (KDC) is a trusted server that issues Kerberos tickets to clients and servers to communicate securely. A Kerberos ticket is a block of data that is presented as the user’s credentials when attempting to access a Kerberized service. A ticket contains information about the user’s identity and a temporary encryption key, all encrypted in the server’s private key. In the Kerberos environment, any entity that is defined to have a Kerberos identity is referred to as a principal.

    A principal may be an entry for a particular user, host, or service (such as NFS or FTP) that is to interact with the KDC. Most commonly, the KDC server system also runs the Kerberos Administration Daemon, which handles administrative commands such as adding, deleting, and modifying principals in the Kerberos database. Typically, the KDC, the admin server, and the database are all on the same machine, but they can be separated if necessary. Some environments may require that multiple realms be configured with master KDCs and slave KDCs for each realm. The principals applied for securing each realm and KDC should be applied to all realms and KDCs in the network to ensure that there isn’t a single weak link in the chain.

    One of the first steps to take when initializing your Kerberos database is to create it using the kdb5_util command, which is located in /usr/sbin. When running this command, the user has the choice of whether to create a stash file or not. The stash file is a local copy of the master key that resides on the KDC’s local disk. The master key contained in the stash file is generated from the master password that the user enters when first creating the KDC database. The stash file is used to authenticate the KDC to itself automatically before starting the kadmind and krb5kdc daemons (for example, as part of the machine’s boot sequence).

    If a stash file is not used when the database is created, the administrator who starts up the krb5kdc process will have to manually enter the master key (password) every time they start the process. This may seem like a typical trade off between convenience and security, but if the rest of the system is sufficiently hardened and protected, very little security is lost by having the master key stored in the protected stash file. It is recommended that at least one slave KDC server be installed for each realm to ensure that a backup is available in the event that the master server becomes unavailable, and that slave KDC be configured with the same level of security as the master.

    Currently, the Sun Kerberos v5 Mechanism utility, kdb5_util, can create three types of keys, DES-CBC-CRC, DES-CBC-MD5, and DES-CBC-RAW. DES-CBC stands for DES encryption with Cipher Block Chaining and the CRC, MD5, and RAW designators refer to the checksum algorithm that is used. By default, the key created will be DES-CBC-CRC, which is the default encryption type for the KDC. The type of key created is specified on the command line with the -k option (see the kdb5_util (1M) man page). Choose the password for your stash file very carefully, because this password can be used in the future to decrypt the master key and modify the database. The password may be up to 1024 characters long and can include any combination of letters, numbers, punctuation, and spaces.

    The following is an example of creating a stash file:

    kdc1 #/usr/sbin/kdb5_util create -r EXAMPLE.COM -s Initializing database '/var/krb5/principal' for realm 'EXAMPLE.COM' master key name 'K/M@EXAMPLE.COM' You will be prompted for the database Master Password. It is important that you NOT FORGET this password. Enter KDC database master key: master_key Re-enter KDC database master key to verify: master_key

    Notice the use of the -s argument to create the stash file. The location of the stash file is in the /var/krb5. The stash file appears with the following mode and ownership settings:

    kdc1 # cd /var/krb5 kdc1 # ls -l -rw------- 1 root other 14 Apr 10 14:28 .k5.EXAMPLE.COM

    The directory used to store the stash file and the database should not be shared or exported.

    Secure Settings in the KDC Configuration File

    The KDC and Administration daemons both read configuration information from /etc/krb5/kdc.conf. This file contains KDC-specific parameters that govern overall behavior for the KDC and for specific realms. The parameters in the kdc.conf file are explained in detail in the kdc.conf(4) man page.

    The kdc.conf parameters describe locations of various files and ports to use for accessing the KDC and the administration daemon. These parameters generally do not need to be changed, and doing so does not result in any added security. However, there are some parameters that may be adjusted to enhance the overall security of the KDC. The following are some examples of adjustable parameters that enhance security.

  • kdc_ports – Defines the ports that the KDC will listen on to receive requests. The standard port for Kerberos v5 is 88. 750 is included and commonly used to support older clients that still use the default port designated for Kerberos v4. Solaris OE still listens on port 750 for backwards compatibility. This is not considered a security risk.

  • max_life – Defines the maximum lifetime of a ticket, and defaults to eight hours. In environments where it is desirable to have users re-authenticate frequently and to reduce the chance of having a principal’s credentials stolen, this value should be lowered. The recommended value is eight hours.

  • max_renewable_life – Defines the period of time from when a ticket is issued that it may be renewed (using kinit -R). The standard value here is 7 days. To disable renewable tickets, this value may be set to 0 days, 0 hrs, 0 min. The recommended value is 7d 0h 0m 0s.

  • default_principal_expiration – A Kerberos principal is any unique identity to which Kerberos can assign a ticket. In the case of users, it is the same as the UNIX system user name. The default lifetime of any principal in the realm may be defined in the kdc.conf file with this option. This should be used only if the realm will contain temporary principals, otherwise the administrator will have to constantly be renewing principals. Usually, this setting is left undefined and principals do not expire. This is not insecure as long as the administrator is vigilant about removing principals for users that no longer need access to the systems.

  • supported_enctypes – The encryption types supported by the KDC may be defined with this option. At this time, Sun Enterprise Authentication Mechanism software only supports des-cbc-crc:normal encryption type, but in the future this may be used to ensure that only strong cryptographic ciphers are used.

  • dict_file – The location of a dictionary file containing strings that are not allowed as passwords. A principal with any password policy (see below) will not be able to use words found in this dictionary file. This is not defined by default. Using a dictionary file is a good way to prevent users from creating trivial passwords to protect their accounts, and thus helps avoid one of the most common weaknesses in a computer network-guessable passwords. The KDC will only check passwords against the dictionary for principals which have a password policy association, so it is good practice to have at least one simple policy associated with all principals in the realm.

  • The Solaris OE has a default system dictionary that is used by the spell program that may also be used by the KDC as a dictionary of common passwords. The location of this file is: /usr/share/lib/dict/words. Other dictionaries may be substituted. The format is one word or phrase per line.

    The following is a Kerberos v5 /etc/krb5/kdc.conf example with suggested settings:

    # Copyright 1998-2002 Sun Microsystems, Inc. All rights reserved. # Use is subject to license terms. # #ident "@(#)kdc.conf 1.2 02/02/14 SMI" [kdcdefaults] kdc_ports = 88,750 [realms] ___default_realm___ = { profile = /etc/krb5/krb5.conf database_name = /var/krb5/principal admin_keytab = /etc/krb5/kadm5.keytab acl_file = /etc/krb5/kadm5.acl kadmind_port = 749 max_life = 8h 0m 0s max_renewable_life = 7d 0h 0m 0s default_principal_flags = +preauth Needs moving -- dict_file = /usr/share/lib/dict/words } Access Control

    The Kerberos administration server allows for granular control of the administrative commands by use of an access control list (ACL) file (/etc/krb5/kadm5.acl). The syntax for the ACL file allows for wildcarding of principal names so it is not necessary to list every single administrator in the ACL file. This feature should be used with great care. The ACLs used by Kerberos allow privileges to be broken down into very precise functions that each administrator can perform. If a certain administrator only needs to be allowed to have read-access to the database then that person should not be granted full admin privileges. Below is a list of the privileges allowed:

  • a – Allows the addition of principals or policies in the database.

  • A – Prohibits the addition of principals or policies in the database.

  • d – Allows the deletion of principals or policies in the database.

  • D – Prohibits the deletion of principals or policies in the database.

  • m – Allows the modification of principals or policies in the database.

  • M – Prohibits the modification of principals or policies in the database.

  • c – Allows the changing of passwords for principals in the database.

  • C – Prohibits the changing of passwords for principals in the database.

  • i – Allows inquiries to the database.

  • I – Prohibits inquiries to the database.

  • l – Allows the listing of principals or policies in the database.

  • L – Prohibits the listing of principals or policies in the database.

  • * – Short for all privileges (admcil).

  • x – Short for all privileges (admcil). Identical to *.

  • Adding Administrators

    After the ACLs are set up, actual administrator principals should be added to the system. It is strongly recommended that administrative users have separate /admin principals to use only when administering the system. For example, user Lucy would have two principals in the database - lucy@REALM and lucy/admin@REALM. The /admin principal would only be used when administering the system, not for getting ticket-granting-tickets (TGTs) to access remote services. Using the /admin principal only for administrative purposes minimizes the chance of someone walking up to Joe’s unattended terminal and performing unauthorized administrative commands on the KDC.

    Kerberos principals may be differentiated by the instance part of their principal name. In the case of user principals, the most common instance identifier is /admin. It is standard practice in Kerberos to differentiate user principals by defining some to be /admin instances and others to have no specific instance identifier (for example, lucy/admin@REALM versus lucy@REALM). Principals with the /admin instance identifier are assumed to have administrative privileges defined in the ACL file and should only be used for administrative purposes. A principal with an /admin identifier which does not match up with any entries in the ACL file will not be granted any administrative privileges, it will be treated as a non-privileged user principal. Also, user principals with the /admin identifier are given separate passwords and separate permissions from the non-admin principal for the same user.

    The following is a sample /etc/krb5/kadm5.acl file:

    # Copyright (c) 1998-2000 by Sun Microsystems, Inc. # All rights reserved. # #pragma ident "@(#)kadm5.acl 1.1 01/03/19 SMI" # lucy/admin is given full administrative privilege lucy/admin@EXAMPLE.COM * # # tom/admin user is allowed to query the database (d), listing principals # (l), and changing user passwords (c) # tom/admin@EXAMPLE.COM dlc

    It is highly recommended that the kadm5.acl file be tightly controlled and that users be granted only the privileges they need to perform their assigned tasks.

    Creating Host Keys

    Creating host keys for systems in the realm such as slave KDCs is performed the same way that creating user principals is performed. However, the -randkey option should always be used, so no one ever knows the actual key for the hosts. Host principals are almost always stored in the keytab file, to be used by root-owned processes that wish to act as Kerberos services for the local host. It is rarely necessary for anyone to actually know the password for a host principal because the key is stored safely in the keytab and is only accessible by root-owned processes, never by actual users.

    When creating keytab files, the keys should always be extracted from the KDC on the same machine where the keytab is to reside using the ktadd command from a kadmin session. If this is not feasible, take great care in transferring the keytab file from one machine to the next. A malicious attacker who possesses the contents of the keytab file could use these keys from the file in order to gain access to another user or services credentials. Having the keys would then allow the attacker to impersonate whatever principal that the key represented and further compromise the security of that Kerberos realm. Some suggestions for transferring the keytab are to use Kerberized, encrypted ftp transfers, or to use the secure file transfer programs scp or sftp offered with the SSH package (http://www.openssh.org). Another safe method is to place the keytab on a removable disk, and hand-deliver it to the destination.

    Hand delivery does not scale well for large installations, so using the Kerberized ftp daemon is perhaps the most convenient and secure method available.

    Using NTP to Synchronize Clocks

    All servers participating in the Kerberos realm need to have their system clocks synchronized to within a configurable time limit (default 300 seconds). The safest, most secure way to systematically synchronize the clocks on a network of Kerberos servers is by using the Network Time Protocol (NTP) service. The Solaris OE comes with an NTP client and NTP server software (SUNWntpu package). See the ntpdate(1M) and xntpd(1M) man pages for more information on the individual commands. For more information on configuring NTP, refer to the following Sun BluePrints OnLine NTP articles:

    It is critical that the time be synchronized in a secure manner. A simple denial of service attack on either a client or a server would involve just skewing the time on that system to be outside of the configured clock skew value, which would then prevent anyone from acquiring TGTs from that system or accessing Kerberized services on that system. The default clock-skew value of five minutes is the maximum recommended value.

    The NTP infrastructure must also be secured, including the use of server hardening for the NTP server and application of NTP security features. Using the Solaris Security Toolkit software (formerly known as JASS) with the secure.driver script to create a minimal system and then installing just the necessary NTP software is one such method. The Solaris Security Toolkit software is available at:

    http://www.sun.com/security/jass/

    Documentation on the Solaris Security Toolkit software is available at:

    http://www.sun.com/security/blueprints

    Establishing Password Policies

    Kerberos allows the administrator to define password policies that can be applied to some or all of the user principals in the realm. A password policy contains definitions for the following parameters:

  • Minimum Password Length – The number of characters in the password, for which the recommended value is 8.

  • Maximum Password Classes – The number of different character classes that must be used to make up the password. Letters, numbers, and punctuation are the three classes and valid values are 1, 2, and 3. The recommended value is 2.

  • Saved Password History – The number of previous passwords that have been used by the principal that cannot be reused. The recommended value is 3.

  • Minimum Password Lifetime (seconds) – The minimum time that the password must be used before it can be changed. The recommended value is 3600 (1 hour).

  • Maximum Password Lifetime (seconds) – The maximum time that the password can be used before it must be changed. The recommended value is 7776000 (90 days).

  • These values can be set as a group and stored as a single policy. Different policies can be defined for different principals. It is recommended that the minimum password length be set to at least 8 and that at least 2 classes be required. Most people tend to choose easy-to-remember and easy-to-type passwords, so it is a good idea to at least set up policies to encourage slightly more difficult-to-guess passwords through the use of these parameters. Setting the Maximum Password Lifetime value may be helpful in some environments, to force people to change their passwords periodically. The period is up to the local administrator according to the overriding corporate security policy used at that particular site. Setting the Saved Password History value combined with the Minimum Password Lifetime value prevents people from simply switching their password several times until they get back to their original or favorite password.

    The maximum password length supported is 255 characters, unlike the UNIX password database which only supports up to 8 characters. Passwords are stored in the KDC encrypted database using the KDC default encryption method, DES-CBC-CRC. In order to prevent password guessing attacks, it is recommended that users choose long passwords or pass phrases. The 255 character limit allows one to choose a small sentence or easy to remember phrase instead of a simple one-word password.

    It is possible to use a dictionary file that can be used to prevent users from choosing common, easy-to-guess words (see “Secure Settings in the KDC Configuration File” on page 70). The dictionary file is only used when a principal has a policy association, so it is highly recommended that at least one policy be in effect for all principals in the realm.

    The following is an example password policy creation:

    If you specify a kadmin command without specifying any options, kadmin displays the syntax (usage information) for that command. The following code box shows this, followed by an actual add_policy command with options.

    kadmin: add_policy usage: add_policy [options] policy options are: [-maxlife time] [-minlife time] [-minlength length] [-minclasses number] [-history number] kadmin: add_policy -minlife "1 hour" -maxlife "90 days" -minlength 8 -minclasses 2 -history 3 passpolicy kadmin: get_policy passpolicy Policy: passpolicy Maximum password life: 7776000 Minimum password life: 3600 Minimum password length: 8 Minimum number of password character classes: 2 Number of old keys kept: 3 Reference count: 0

    This example creates a password policy called passpolicy which enforces a maximum password lifetime of 90 days, minimum length of 8 characters, a minimum of 2 different character classes (letters, numbers, punctuation), and a password history of 3.

    To apply this policy to an existing user, modify the following:

    kadmin: modprinc -policy passpolicy lucyPrincipal "lucy@EXAMPLE.COM" modified.

    To modify the default policy that is applied to all user principals in a realm, change the following:

    kadmin: modify_policy -maxlife "90 days" -minlife "1 hour" -minlength 8 -minclasses 2 -history 3 default kadmin: get_policy default Policy: default Maximum password life: 7776000 Minimum password life: 3600 Minimum password length: 8 Minimum number of password character classes: 2 Number of old keys kept: 3 Reference count: 1

    The Reference count value indicates how many principals are configured to use the policy.

    The default policy is automatically applied to all new principals that are not given the same password as the principal name when they are created. Any account with a policy assigned to it is uses the dictionary (defined in the dict_file parameter in /etc/krb5/kdc.conf) to check for common passwords.

    Backing Up a KDC

    Backups of a KDC system should be made regularly or according to local policy. However, backups should exclude the /etc/krb5/krb5.keytab file. If the local policy requires that backups be done over a network, then these backups should be secured either through the use of encryption or possibly by using a separate network interface that is only used for backup purposes and is not exposed to the same traffic as the non-backup network traffic. Backup storage media should always be kept in a secure, fireproof location.

    Monitoring the KDC

    Once the KDC is configured and running, it should be continually and vigilantly monitored. The Sun Kerberos v5 software KDC logs information into the /var/krb5/kdc.log file, but this location can be modified in the /etc/krb5/krb5.conf file, in the logging section.

    [logging] default = FILE:/var/krb5/kdc.log kdc = FILE:/var/krb5/kdc.log

    The KDC log file should have read and write permissions for the root user only, as follows:

    -rw------ 1 root other 750 25 May 10 17:55 /var/krb5/kdc.log Kerberos Options

    The /etc/krb5/krb5.conf file contains information that all Kerberos applications use to determine what server to talk to and what realm they are participating in. Configuring the krb5.conf file is covered in the Sun Enterprise Authentication Mechanism Software Installation Guide. Also refer to the krb5.conf(4) man page for a full description of this file.

    The appdefaults section in the krb5.conf file contains parameters that control the behavior of many Kerberos client tools. Each tool may have its own section in the appdefaults section of the krb5.conf file.

    Many of the applications that use the appdefaults section, use the same options; however, they might be set in different ways for each client application.

    Kerberos Client Applications

    The following Kerberos applications can have their behavior modified through the user of options set in the appdefaults section of the /etc/krb5/krb5.conf file or by using various command-line arguments. These clients and their configuration settings are described below.

    kinit

    The kinit client is used by people who want to obtain a TGT from the KDC. The /etc/krb5/krb5.conf file supports the following kinit options: renewable, forwardable, no_addresses, max_life, max_renewable_life and proxiable.

    telnet

    The Kerberos telnet client has many command-line arguments that control its behavior. Refer to the man page for complete information. However, there are several interesting security issues involving the Kerberized telnet client.

    The telnet client uses a session key even after the service ticket which it was derived from has expired. This means that the telnet session remains active even after the ticket originally used to gain access, is no longer valid. This is insecure in a strict environment, however, the trade off between ease of use and strict security tends to lean in favor of ease-of-use in this situation. It is recommended that the telnet connection be re-initialized periodically by disconnecting and reconnecting with a new ticket. The overall lifetime of a ticket is defined by the KDC (/etc/krb5/kdc.conf), normally defined as eight hours.

    The telnet client allows the user to forward a copy of the credentials (TGT) used to authenticate to the remote system using the -f and -F command-line options. The -f option sends a non-forwardable copy of the local TGT to the remote system so that the user can access Kerberized NFS mounts or other local Kerberized services on that system only. The -F option sends a forwardable TGT to the remote system so that the TGT can be used from the remote system to gain further access to other remote Kerberos services beyond that point. The -F option is a superset of -f. If the Forwardable and or forward options are set to false in the krb5.conf file, these command-line arguments can be used to override those settings, thus giving individuals the control over whether and how their credentials are forwarded.

    The -x option should be used to turn on encryption for the data stream. This further protects the session from eavesdroppers. If the telnet server does not support encryption, the session is closed. The /etc/krb5/krb5.conf file supports the following telnet options: forward, forwardable, encrypt, and autologin. The autologin [true/false] parameter tells the client to try and attempt to log in without prompting the user for a user name. The local user name is passed on to the remote system in the telnet negotiations.

    rlogin and rsh

    The Kerberos rlogin and rsh clients behave much the same as their non-Kerberized equivalents. Because of this, it is recommended that if they are required to be included in the network files such as /etc/hosts.equiv and .rhosts that the root users directory be removed. The Kerberized versions have the added benefit of using Kerberos protocol for authentication and can also use Kerberos to protect the privacy of the session using encryption.

    Similar to telnet described previously, the rlogin and rsh clients use a session key after the service ticket which it was derived from has expired. Thus, for maximum security, rlogin and rsh sessions should be re-initialized periodically. rlogin uses the -f, -F, and -x options in the same fashion as the telnet client. The /etc/krb5/krb5.conf file supports the following rlogin options: forward, forwardable, and encrypt.

    Command-line options override configuration file settings. For example, if the rsh section in the krb5.conf file indicates encrypt false, but the -x option is used on the command line, an encrypted session is used.

    rcp

    Kerberized rcp can be used to transfer files securely between systems using Kerberos authentication and encryption (with the -x command-line option). It does not prompt for passwords, the user must already have a valid TGT before using rcp if they wish to use the encryption feature. However, beware if the -x option is not used and no local credentials are available, the rcp session will revert to the standard, non-Kerberized (and insecure) rcp behavior. It is highly recommended that users always use the -x option when using the Kerberized rcp client.The /etc/krb5/krb5.conf file supports the encrypt [true/false] option.

    login

    The Kerberos login program (login.krb5) is forked from a successful authentication by the Kerberized telnet daemon or the Kerberized rlogin daemon. This Kerberos login daemon is separate from the standard Solaris OE login daemon and thus, the standard Solaris OE features such as BSM auditing are not yet supported when using this daemon. The /etc/krb5/krb5.conf file supports the krb5_get_tickets [true/false] option. If this option is set to true, then the login program will generate a new Kerberos ticket (TGT) for the user upon proper authentication.

    ftp

    The Sun Enterprise Authentication Mechanism (SEAM) version of the ftp client uses the GSSAPI (RFC 2743) with Kerberos v5 as the default mechanism. This means that it uses Kerberos authentication and (optionally) encryption through the Kerberos v5 GSS mechanism. The only Kerberos-related command-line options are -f and -m. The -f option is the same as described above for telnet (there is no need for a -F option). -m allows the user to specify an alternative GSS mechanism if so desired, the default is to use the kerberos_v5 mechanism.

    The protection level used for the data transfer can be set using the protect command at the ftp prompt. Sun Enterprise Authentication Mechanism software ftp supports the following protection levels:

  • Clear unprotected, unencrypted transmission

  • Safe data is integrity protected using cryptographic checksums

  • Private data is transmitted with confidentiality and integrity using encryption

  • It is recommended that users set the protection level to private for all data transfers. The ftp client program does not support or reference the krb5.conf file to find any optional parameters. All ftp client options are passed on the command line. See the man page for the Kerberized ftp client, ftp(1).

    In summary, adding Kerberos to a network can increase the overall security available to the users and administrators of that network. Remote sessions can be securely authenticated and encrypted, and shared disks can be secured and encrypted across the network. In addition, Kerberos allows the database of user and service principals to be managed securely from any machine which supports the SEAM software Kerberos protocol. SEAM is interoperable with other RFC 1510 compliant Kerberos implementations such as MIT Krb5 and some MS Windows 2000 Active Directory services. Adopting the practices recommended in this section further secure the SEAM software infrastructure to help ensure a safer network environment.

    Implementing the Sun ONE Directory Server 5.2 Software and the GSSAPI Mechanism

    This section provides a high-level overview, followed by the in-depth procedures that describe the setup necessary to implement the GSSAPI mechanism and the Sun ONE Directory Server 5.2 software. This implementation assumes a realm of EXAMPLE.COM for this purpose. The following list gives an initial high-level overview of the steps required, with the next section providing the detailed information.

  • Setup DNS on the client machine. This is an important step because Kerberos requires DNS.

  • Install and configure the Sun ONE Directory Server version 5.2 software.

  • Check that the directory server and client both have the SASL plug-ins installed.

  • Install and configure Kerberos v5.

  • Edit the /etc/krb5/krb5.conf file.

  • Edit the /etc/krb5/kdc.conf file.

  • Edit the /etc/krb5/kadm5.acl file.

  • Move the kerberos_v5 line so it is the first line in the /etc/gss/mech file.

  • Create new principals using kadmin.local, which is an interactive commandline interface to the Kerberos v5 administration system.

  • Modify the rights for /etc/krb5/krb5.keytab. This access is necessary for the Sun ONE Directory Server 5.2 software.

  • Run /usr/sbin/kinit.

  • Check that you have a ticket with /usr/bin/klist.

  • Perform an ldapsearch, using the ldapsearch command-line tool from the Sun ONE Directory Server 5.2 software to test and verify.

  • The sections that follow fill in the details.

    Configuring a DNS Client

    To be a DNS client, a machine must run the resolver. The resolver is neither a daemon nor a single program. It is a set of dynamic library routines used by applications that need to know machine names. The resolver’s function is to resolve users’ queries. To do that, it queries a name server, which then returns either the requested information or a referral to another server. Once the resolver is configured, a machine can request DNS service from a name server.

    The following example shows you how to configure the resolv.conf(4) file in the server kdc1 in the example.com domain.

    ; ; /etc/resolv.conf file for dnsmaster ; domain example.com nameserver 192.168.0.0 nameserver 192.168.0.1

    The first line of the /etc/resolv.conf file lists the domain name in the form:

    domain domainname

    No spaces or tabs are permitted at the end of the domain name. Make sure that you press return immediately after the last character of the domain name.

    The second line identifies the server itself in the form:

    nameserver IP_address

    Succeeding lines list the IP addresses of one or two slave or cache-only name servers that the resolver should consult to resolve queries. Name server entries have the form:

    nameserver IP_address

    IP_address is the IP address of a slave or cache-only DNS name server. The resolver queries these name servers in the order they are listed until it obtains the information it needs.

    For more detailed information of what the resolv.conf file does, refer to the resolv.conf(4) man page.

    To Configure Kerberos v5 (Master KDC)

    In the this procedure, the following configuration parameters are used:

  • Realm name = EXAMPLE.COM

  • DNS domain name = example.com

  • Master KDC = kdc1.example.com

  • admin principal = lucy/admin

  • Online help URL = http://example:8888/ab2/coll.384.1/SEAM/@AB2PageView/6956

  • This procedure requires that DNS is running.

    Before you begin this configuration process, make a backup of the /etc/krb5 files.

  • Become superuser on the master KDC. (kdc1, in this example)

  • Edit the Kerberos configuration file (krb5.conf).

    You need to change the realm names and the names of the servers. See the krb5.conf(4) man page for a full description of this file.

    kdc1 # more /etc/krb5/krb5.conf [libdefaults] default_realm = EXAMPLE.COM [realms] EXAMPLE.COM = { kdc = kdc1.example.com admin server = kdc1.example.com } [domain_realm] .example.com = EXAMPLE.COM [logging] default = FILE:/var/krb5/kdc.log kdc = FILE:/var/krb5/kdc.log [appdefaults] gkadmin = { help_url = http://example:8888/ab2/coll.384.1/SEAM/@AB2PageView/6956 }

    In this example, the lines for domain_realm, kdc, admin_server, and all domain_realm entries were changed. In addition, the line with ___slave_kdcs___ in the [realms] section was deleted and the line that defines the help_url was edited.

  • Edit the KDC configuration file (kdc.conf).

    You must change the realm name. See the kdc.conf( 4) man page for a full description of this file.

    kdc1 # more /etc/krb5/kdc.conf [kdcdefaults] kdc_ports = 88,750 [realms] EXAMPLE.COM= { profile = /etc/krb5/krb5.conf database_name = /var/krb5/principal admin_keytab = /etc/krb5/kadm5.keytab acl_file = /etc/krb5/kadm5.acl kadmind_port = 749 max_life = 8h 0m 0s max_renewable_life = 7d 0h 0m 0s Need moving ---------> default_principal_flags = +preauth }

    In this example, only the realm name definition in the [realms] section is changed.

  • Create the KDC database by using the kdb5_util command.

    The kdb5_util command, which is located in /usr/sbin, creates the KDC database. When used with the -s option, this command creates a stash file that is used to authenticate the KDC to itself before the kadmind and krb5kdc daemons are started.

    kdc1 # /usr/sbin/kdb5_util create -r EXAMPLE.COM -s Initializing database '/var/krb5/principal' for realm 'EXAMPLE.COM' master key name 'K/M@EXAMPLE.COM' You will be prompted for the database Master Password. It is important that you NOT FORGET this password. Enter KDC database master key: key Re-enter KDC database master key to verify: key

    The -r option followed by the realm name is not required if the realm name is equivalent to the domain name in the server’s name space.

  • Edit the Kerberos access control list file (kadm5.acl).

    Once populated, the /etc/krb5/kadm5.acl file contains all principal names that are allowed to administer the KDC. The first entry that is added might look similar to the following:

    lucy/admin@EXAMPLE.COM *

    This entry gives the lucy/admin principal in the EXAMPLE.COM realm the ability to modify principals or policies in the KDC. The default installation includes an asterisk (*) to match all admin principals. This default could be a security risk, so it is more secure to include a list of all of the admin principals. See the kadm5.acl(4) man page for more information.

  • Edit the /etc/gss/mech file.

    The /etc/gss/mech file contains the GSSAPI based security mechanism names, its object identifier (OID), and a shared library that implements the services for that mechanism under the GSSAPI. Change the following from:

    # Mechanism Name Object Identifier Shared Library Kernel Module # diffie_hellman_640_0 1.3.6.4.1.42.2.26.2.4 dh640-0.so.1 diffie_hellman_1024_0 1.3.6.4.1.42.2.26.2.5 dh1024-0.so.1 kerberos_v5 1.2.840.113554.1.2.2 gl/mech_krb5.so gl_kmech_krb5

    To the following:

    # Mechanism Name Object Identifier Shared Library Kernel Module # kerberos_v5 1.2.840.113554.1.2.2 gl/mech_krb5.so gl_kmech_krb5 diffie_hellman_640_0 1.3.6.4.1.42.2.26.2.4 dh640-0.so.1 diffie_hellman_1024_0 1.3.6.4.1.42.2.26.2.5 dh1024-0.so.1
  • Run the kadmin.local command to create principals.

    You can add as many admin principals as you need. But you must add at least one admin principal to complete the KDC configuration process. In the following example, lucy/admin is added as the principal.

    kdc1 # /usr/sbin/kadmin.local kadmin.local: addprinc lucy/admin Enter password for principal "lucy/admin@EXAMPLE.COM": Re-enter password for principal "lucy/admin@EXAMPLE.COM": Principal "lucy/admin@EXAMPLE.COM" created. kadmin.local:
  • Create a keytab file for the kadmind service.

    The following command sequence creates a special keytab file with principal entries for lucy and tom. These principals are needed for the kadmind service. In addition, you can optionally add NFS service principals, host principals, LDAP principals, and so on.

    When the principal instance is a host name, the fully qualified domain name (FQDN) must be entered in lowercase letters, regardless of the case of the domain name in the /etc/resolv.conf file.

    kadmin.local: ktadd -k /etc/krb5/kadm5.keytab kadmin/kdc1.example.com Entry for principal kadmin/kdc1.example.com with kvno 3, encryption type DES-CBC-CRC added to keytab WRFILE:/etc/krb5/kadm5.keytab. kadmin.local: ktadd -k /etc/krb5/kadm5.keytab changepw/kdc1.example.com Entry for principal changepw/kdc1.example.com with kvno 3, encryption type DES-CBC-CRC added to keytab WRFILE:/etc/krb5/kadm5.keytab. kadmin.local:

    Once you have added all of the required principals, you can exit from kadmin.local as follows:

    kadmin.local: quit
  • Start the Kerberos daemons as shown:

    kdc1 # /etc/init.d/kdc start kdc1 # /etc/init.d/kdc.master start

    Note

    You stop the Kerberos daemons by running the following commands:

    kdc1 # /etc/init.d/kdc stop kdc1 # /etc/init.d/kdc.master stop
  • Add principals by using the SEAM Administration Tool.

    To do this, you must log on with one of the admin principal names that you created earlier in this procedure. However, the following command-line example is shown for simplicity.

    kdc1 # /usr/sbin/kadmin -p lucy/admin Enter password: kws_admin_password kadmin:
  • Create the master KDC host principal which is used by Kerberized applications such as klist and kprop.

    kadmin: addprinc -randkey host/kdc1.example.com Principal "host/kdc1.example.com@EXAMPLE.COM" created. kadmin:
  • (Optional) Create the master KDC root principal which is used for authenticated NFS mounting.

    kadmin: addprinc root/kdc1.example.com Enter password for principal root/kdc1.example.com@EXAMPLE.COM: password Re-enter password for principal root/kdc1.example.com@EXAMPLE.COM: password Principal "root/kdc1.example.com@EXAMPLE.COM" created. kadmin:
  • Add the master KDC’s host principal to the master KDC’s keytab file which allows this principal to be used automatically.

    kadmin: ktadd host/kdc1.example.com kadmin: Entry for principal host/kdc1.example.com with ->kvno 3, encryption type DES-CBC-CRC added to keytab ->WRFILE:/etc/krb5/krb5.keytab kadmin:

    Once you have added all of the required principals, you can exit from kadmin as follows:

    kadmin: quit
  • Run the kinit command to obtain and cache an initial ticket-granting ticket (credential) for the principal.

    This ticket is used for authentication by the Kerberos v5 system. kinit only needs to be run by the client at this time. If the Sun ONE directory server were a Kerberos client also, this step would need to be done for the server. However, you may want to use this to verify that Kerberos is up and running.

    kdclient # /usr/bin/kinit root/kdclient.example.com Password for root/kdclient.example.com@EXAMPLE.COM: passwd
  • Check and verify that you have a ticket with the klist command.

    The klist command reports if there is a keytab file and displays the principals. If the results show that there is no keytab file or that there is no NFS service principal, you need to verify the completion of all of the previous steps.

    # klist -k Keytab name: FILE:/etc/krb5/krb5.keytab KVNO Principal ---- ------------------------------------------------------------------ 3 nfs/host.example.com@EXAMPLE.COM

    The example given here assumes a single domain. The KDC may reside on the same machine as the Sun ONE directory server for testing purposes, but there are security considerations to take into account on where the KDCs reside.

  • With regards to the configuration of Kerberos v5 in conjunction with the Sun ONE Directory Server 5.2 software, you are finished with the Kerberos v5 part. It’s now time to look at what is required to be configured on the Sun ONE directory server side.

    Sun ONE Directory Server 5.2 GSSAPI Configuration

    As previously discussed, the Generic Security Services Application Program Interface (GSSAPI), is standard interface that enables you to use a security mechanism such as Kerberos v5 to authenticate clients. The server uses the GSSAPI to actually validate the identity of a particular user. Once this user is validated, it’s up to the SASL mechanism to apply the GSSAPI mapping rules to obtain a DN that is the bind DN for all operations during the connection.

    The first item discussed is the new identity mapping functionality.

    The identity mapping service is required to map the credentials of another protocol, such as SASL DIGEST-MD5 and GSSAPI to a DN in the directory server. As you will see in the following example, the identity mapping feature uses the entries in the cn=identity mapping, cn=config configuration branch, whereby each protocol is defined and whereby each protocol must perform the identity mapping. For more information on the identity mapping feature, refer to the Sun ONE Directory Server 5.2 Documents.

    To Perform the GSSAPI Configuration for the Sun ONE Directory Server Software
  • Check and verify, by retrieving the rootDSE entry, that the GSSAPI is returned as one of the supported SASL Mechanisms.

    Example of using ldapsearch to retrieve the rootDSE and get the supported SASL mechanisms:

    $./ldapsearch -h directoryserver_hostname -p ldap_port -b "" -s base "(objectclass=*)" supportedSASLMechanisms supportedSASLMechanisms=EXTERNAL supportedSASLMechanisms=GSSAPI supportedSASLMechanisms=DIGEST-MD5
  • Verify that the GSSAPI mechanism is enabled.

    By default, the GSSAPI mechanism is enabled.

    Example of using ldapsearch to verify that the GSSAPI SASL mechanism is enabled:

    $./ldapsearch -h directoryserver_hostname -p ldap_port -D"cn=Directory Manager" -w password -b "cn=SASL, cn=security,cn= config" "(objectclass=*)" # # Should return # cn=SASL, cn=security, cn=config objectClass=top objectClass=nsContainer objectClass=dsSaslConfig cn=SASL dsSaslPluginsPath=/var/Sun/mps/lib/sasl dsSaslPluginsEnable=DIGEST-MD5 dsSaslPluginsEnable=GSSAPI
  • Create and add the GSSAPI identity-mapping.ldif.

    Add the LDIF shown below to the Sun ONE Directory Server so that it contains the correct suffix for your directory server.

    You need to do this because by default, no GSSAPI mappings are defined in the Sun ONE Directory Server 5.2 software.

    Example of a GSSAPI identity mapping LDIF file:

    # dn: cn=GSSAPI,cn=identity mapping,cn=config objectclass: nsContainer objectclass: top cn: GSSAPI dn: cn=default,cn=GSSAPI,cn=identity mapping,cn=config objectclass: dsIdentityMapping objectclass: nsContainer objectclass: top cn: default dsMappedDN: uid=${Principal},ou=people,dc=example,dc=com dn: cn=same_realm,cn=GSSAPI,cn=identity mapping,cn=config objectclass: dsIdentityMapping objectclass: dsPatternMatching objectclass: nsContainer objectclass: top cn: same_realm dsMatching-pattern: ${Principal} dsMatching-regexp: (.*)@example.com dsMappedDN: uid=$1,ou=people,dc=example,dc=com

    It is important to make use of the ${Principal} variable, because it is the only input you have from SASL in the case of GSSAPI. Either you need to build a dn using the ${Principal} variable or you need to perform pattern matching to see if you can apply a particular mapping. A principal corresponds to the identity of a user in Kerberos.

    You can find an example GSSAPI LDIF mappings files in ServerRoot/slapdserver/ldif/identityMapping_Examples.ldif.

    The following is an example using ldapmodify to do this:

    $./ldapmodify -a -c -h directoryserver_hostname -p ldap_port -D "cn=Directory Manager" -w password -f identity-mapping.ldif -e /var/tmp/ldif.rejects 2> /var/tmp/ldapmodify.log
  • Perform a test using ldapsearch.

    To perform this test, type the following ldapsearch command as shown below, and answer the prompt with the kinit value you previously defined.

    Example of using ldapsearch to test the GSSAPI mechanism:

    $./ldapsearch -h directoryserver_hostname -p ldap_port -o mech=GSSAPI -o authzid="root/hostname.domainname@EXAMPLE.COM" -b "" -s base "(objectclass=*)"

    The output that is returned should be the same as without the -o option.

    If you do not use the -h hostname option, the GSS code ends up looking for a localhost.domainname Kerberos ticket, and an error occurs.


  • Guide to vendor-specific IT security certifications | killexams.com real questions and Pass4sure dumps

    Despite the wide selection of vendor-specific information technology security certifications, identifying which...

    ones best suit your educational or career needs is fairly straightforward.

    This guide to vendor-specific IT security certifications includes an alphabetized table of security certification programs from various vendors, a brief description of each certification and advice for further details.

    Introduction: Choosing vendor-specific information technology security certifications

    The process of choosing the right vendor-specific information technology security certifications is much simpler than choosing vendor-neutral ones. In the vendor-neutral landscape, you must evaluate the pros and cons of various programs to select the best option. On the vendor-specific side, it's only necessary to follow these three steps:

  • Inventory your organization's security infrastructure and identify which vendors' products or services are present.
  • Check this guide (or vendor websites, for products not covered here) to determine whether a certification applies to the products or services in your organization.
  • Decide if spending the time and money to obtain such credentials (or to fund them for your employees) is worth the resulting benefits.
  • In an environment where qualified IT security professionals can choose from numerous job openings, the benefits of individual training and certifications can be hard to appraise.

    Many employers pay certification costs to develop and retain their employees, as well as to boost the organization's in-house expertise. Most see this as a win-win for employers and employees alike, though employers often require full or partial reimbursement for the related costs incurred if employees leave their jobs sooner than some specified payback period after certification.

    There have been quite a few changes since the last survey update in 2015. The Basic category saw a substantial jump in the number of available IT security certifications due to the addition of several Brainbench certifications, in addition to the Cisco Certified Network Associate (CCNA) Cyber Ops certification, the Fortinet Network Security Expert Program and new IBM certifications. 

    2017 IT security certification changes

    Certifications from AccessData, Check Point, IBM and Oracle were added to the Intermediate category, increasing the total number of certifications in that category, as well. However, the number of certifications in the Advanced category decreased, due to several IBM certifications being retired. 

    Vendor IT security certifications Basic information technology security certifications 

    Brainbench basic security certificationsBrainbench offers several basic-level information technology security certifications, each requiring the candidate to pass one exam. Brainbench security-related certifications include:

  • Backup Exec 11d (Symantec)
  • Check Point FireWall-1 Administration
  • Check Point Firewall-1 NG Administration
  • Cisco Security
  • Microsoft Security
  • NetBackup 6.5 (Symantec)
  • Source: Brainbench Information Security Administrator certifications

    CCNA Cyber OpsPrerequisites: None required; training is recommended.

    This associate-level certification prepares cybersecurity professionals for work as cybersecurity analysts responding to security incidents as part of a security operations center team in a large organization.

    The CCNA Cyber Ops certification requires candidates to pass two written exams.

    Source: Cisco Systems CCNA Cyber Ops

    CCNA SecurityPrerequisites: A valid Cisco CCNA Routing and Switching, Cisco Certified Entry Networking Technician or Cisco Certified Internetwork Expert (CCIE) certification.

    This credential validates that associate-level professionals are able to install, troubleshoot and monitor Cisco-routed and switched network devices for the purpose of protecting both the devices and networked data.

    A person with a CCNA Security certification can be expected to understand core security concepts, endpoint security, web and email content security, the management of secure access, and more. He should also be able to demonstrate skills for building a security infrastructure, identifying threats and vulnerabilities to networks, and mitigating security threats. CCNA credential holders also possess the technical skills and expertise necessary to manage protection mechanisms such as firewalls and intrusion prevention systems, network access, endpoint security solutions, and web and email security.

    The successful completion of one exam is required to obtain this credential.

    Source: Cisco Systems CCNA Security

    Check Point Certified Security Administrator (CCSA) R80Prerequisites: Basic knowledge of networking; CCSA training and six months to one year of experience with Check Point products are recommended.

    Check Point's foundation-level credential prepares individuals to install, configure and manage Check Point security system products and technologies, such as security gateways, firewalls and virtual private networks (VPNs). Credential holders also possess the skills necessary to secure network and internet communications, upgrade products, troubleshoot network connections, configure security policies, protect email and message content, defend networks from intrusions and other threats, analyze attacks, manage user access in a corporate LAN environment, and configure tunnels for remote access to corporate resources.

    Candidates must pass a single exam to obtain this credential.

    Source: Check Point CCSA Certification

    IBM Certified Associate -- Endpoint Manager V9.0Prerequisites: IBM suggests that candidates be highly familiar with the IBM Endpoint Manager V9.0 console. They should have experience taking actions; activating analyses; and using Fixlets, tasks and baselines in the environment. They should also understand patching, component services, client log files and troubleshooting within IBM Endpoint Manager.

    This credential recognizes professionals who use IBM Endpoint Manager V9.0 daily. Candidates for this certification should know the key concepts of Endpoint Manager, be able to describe the system's components and be able to use the console to perform routine tasks.

    Successful completion of one exam is required.

    Editor's note: IBM is retiring this certification as of May 31, 2017; there will be a follow-on test available as of April 2017 for IBM BigFix Compliance V9.5 Fundamental Administration, Test C2150-627.

    Source: IBM Certified Associate -- Endpoint Manager V9.0

    IBM Certified Associate -- Security Trusteer Fraud ProtectionPrerequisites: IBM recommends that candidates have experience with network data communications, network security, and the Windows and Mac operating systems.

    This credential pertains mainly to sales engineers who support the Trusteer Fraud product portfolio for web fraud management, and who can implement a Trusteer Fraud solution. Candidates must understand Trusteer product functionality, know how to deploy the product, and be able to troubleshoot the product and analyze the results.

    To obtain this certification, candidates must pass one exam.

    Source: IBM Certified Associate -- Security Trusteer Fraud Protection

    McAfee Product SpecialistPrerequisites: None required; completion of an associated training course is highly recommended.

    McAfee information technology security certification holders possess the knowledge and technical skills necessary to install, configure, manage and troubleshoot specific McAfee products, or, in some cases, a suite of products.

    Candidates should possess one to three years of direct experience with one of the specific product areas.

    The current products targeted by this credential include:

  • McAfee Advanced Threat Defense products
  • McAfee ePolicy Orchestrator and VirusScan products
  • McAfee Network Security Platform
  • McAfee Host Intrusion Prevention
  • McAfee Data Loss Prevention Endpoint products
  • McAfee Security Information and Event Management products
  • All credentials require passing one exam.

    Source: McAfee Certification Program

    Microsoft Technology Associate (MTA)Prerequisites: None; training recommended.

    This credential started as an academic-only credential for students, but Microsoft made it available to the general public in 2012.

    There are 10 different MTA credentials across three tracks (IT Infrastructure with five certs, Database with one and Development with four). The IT Infrastructure track includes a Security Fundamentals credential, and some of the other credentials include security components or topic areas.

    To earn each MTA certification, candidates must pass the corresponding exam. 

    Source: Microsoft MTA Certifications

    Fortinet Network Security Expert (NSE)Prerequisites: Vary by credential.

    The Fortinet NSE program has eight levels, each of which corresponds to a separate network security credential within the program. The credentials are:

  • NSE 1 -- Understand network security concepts.
  • NSE 2 -- Sell Fortinet gateway solutions.
  • NSE 3 (Associate) -- Sell Fortinet advanced security solutions.
  • NSE 4 (Professional) -- Configure and maintain FortiGate Unified Threat Management products.
  • NSE 5 (Analyst) -- Implement network security management and analytics.
  • NSE 6 (Specialist) – Understand advanced security technologies beyond the firewall.
  • NSE 7 (Troubleshooter) -- Troubleshoot internet security issues.
  • NSE 8 (Expert) -- Design, configure, install and troubleshoot a network security solution in a live environment.
  • NSE 1 is open to anyone, but is not required. The NSE 2 and NSE 3 information technology security certifications are available only to Fortinet employees and partners. Candidates for NSE 4 through NSE 8 should take the exams through Pearson VUE.

    Source: Fortinet NSE

    Symantec Certified Specialist (SCS)This security certification program focuses on data protection, high availability and security skills involving Symantec products.

    To become an SCS, candidates must select an area of focus and pass an exam. All the exams cover core elements, such as installation, configuration, product administration, day-to-day operation and troubleshooting for the selected focus area.

    As of this writing, the following exams are available:

  • Exam 250-215: Administration of Symantec Messaging Gateway 10.5
  • Exam 250-410: Administration of Symantec Control Compliance Suite 11.x
  • Exam 250-420: Administration of Symantec VIP
  • Exam 250-423: Administration of Symantec IT Management Suite 8.0
  • Exam 250-424: Administration of Data Loss Prevention 14.5
  • Exam 250-425: Administration of Symantec Cyber Security Services
  • Exam 250-426: Administration of Symantec Data Center Security -- Server Advanced 6.7
  • Exam 250-427: Administration of Symantec Advanced Threat Protection 2.0.2
  • Exam 250-428: Administration of Symantec Endpoint Protection 14
  • Exam 250-513: Administration of Symantec Data Loss Prevention 12
  • Source: Symantec Certification

    Intermediate information technology security certifications 

    AccessData Certified Examiner (ACE)Prerequisites: None required; the AccessData BootCamp and Advanced Forensic Toolkit (FTK) courses are recommended.

    This credential recognizes a professional's proficiency using AccessData's FTK, FTK Imager, Registry Viewer and Password Recovery Toolkit. However, candidates for the certification must also have moderate digital forensic knowledge and be able to interpret results gathered from AccessData tools.

    To obtain this certification, candidates must pass one online exam (which is free). Although a boot camp and advanced courses are available for a fee, AccessData provides a set of free exam preparation videos to help candidates who prefer to self-study.

    The certification is valid for two years, after which credential holders must take the current exam to maintain their certification.

    Source: Syntricate ACE Training

    Cisco Certified Network Professional (CCNP) Security Prerequisites: CCNA Security or any CCIE certification.

    This Cisco credential recognizes professionals who are responsible for router, switch, networking device and appliance security. Candidates must also know how to select, deploy, support and troubleshoot firewalls, VPNs and intrusion detection system/intrusion prevention system products in a networking environment.

    Successful completion of four exams is required.

    Source: Cisco Systems CCNP Security

    Check Point Certified Security Expert (CCSE)Prerequisite: CCSA certification R70 or later.

    This is an intermediate-level credential for security professionals seeking to demonstrate skills at maximizing the performance of security networks.

    A CCSE demonstrates a knowledge of strategies and advanced troubleshooting for Check Point's GAiA operating system, including installing and managing VPN implementations, advanced user management and firewall concepts, policies, and backing up and migrating security gateway and management servers, among other tasks. The CCSE focuses on Check Point's VPN, Security Gateway and Management Server systems.

    To acquire this credential, candidates must pass one exam.

    Source: Check Point CCSE program

    Cisco Cybersecurity SpecialistPrerequisites: None required; CCNA Security certification and an understanding of TCP/IP are strongly recommended.

    This Cisco credential targets IT security professionals who possess in-depth technical skills and knowledge in the field of threat detection and mitigation. The certification focuses on areas such as event monitoring, event analysis (traffic, alarm, security events) and incident response.

    One exam is required.

    Source: Cisco Systems Cybersecurity Specialist

    Certified SonicWall Security Administrator (CSSA)Prerequisites: None required; training is recommended.

    The CSSA exam covers basic administration of SonicWall appliances and the network and system security behind such appliances.

    Classroom training is available, but not required to earn the CSSA. Candidates must pass one exam to become certified.

    Source: SonicWall Certification programs

    EnCase Certified Examiner (EnCE)Prerequisites: Candidates must attend 64 hours of authorized training or have 12 months of computer forensic work experience. Completion of a formal application process is also required.

    Aimed at both private- and public-sector computer forensic specialists, this certification permits individuals to become certified in the use of Guidance Software's EnCase computer forensics tools and software.

    Individuals can gain this certification by passing a two-phase exam: a computer-based component and a practical component.

    Source: Guidance Software EnCE

    EnCase Certified eDiscovery Practitioner (EnCEP)Prerequisites: Candidates must attend one of two authorized training courses and have three months of experience in eDiscovery collection, processing and project management. A formal application process is also required.

    Aimed at both private- and public-sector computer forensic specialists, this certification permits individuals to become certified in the use of Guidance Software's EnCase eDiscovery software, and it recognizes their proficiency in eDiscovery planning, project management and best practices, from legal hold to file creation.

    EnCEP-certified professionals possess the technical skills necessary to manage e-discovery, including the search, collection, preservation and processing of electronically stored information in accordance with the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure.

    Individuals can gain this certification by passing a two-phase exam: a computer-based component and a scenario component.

    Source: Guidance Software EnCEP Certification Program

    IBM Certified Administrator -- Security Guardium V10.0Prerequisites: IBM recommends basic knowledge of operating systems and databases, hardware or virtual machines, networking and protocols, auditing and compliance, and information security guidelines.

    IBM Security Guardium is a suite of protection and monitoring tools designed to protect databases and big data sets. The IBM Certified Administrator -- Security Guardium credential is aimed at administrators who plan, install, configure and manage Guardium implementations. This may include monitoring the environment, including data; defining policy rules; and generating reports.

    Successful completion of one exam is required.

    Source: IBM Security Guardium Certification

    IBM Certified Administrator -- Security QRadar Risk Manager V7.2.6Prerequisites: IBM recommends a working knowledge of IBM Security QRadar SIEM Administration and IBM Security QRadar Risk Manager, as well as general knowledge of networking, risk management, system administration and network topology.

    QRadar Risk Manager automates the risk management process in enterprises by monitoring network device configurations and compliance. The IBM Certified Administrator -- Security QRadar Risk Manager V7.2.6 credential certifies administrators who use QRadar to manage security risks in their organization. Certification candidates must know how to review device configurations, manage devices, monitor policies, schedule tasks and generate reports.

    Successful completion of one exam is required.

    Source: IBM Security QRadar Risk Manager Certification

    IBM Certified Analyst -- Security SiteProtector System V3.1.1Prerequisites: IBM recommends a basic knowledge of the IBM Security Network Intrusion Prevention System (GX) V4.6.2, IBM Security Network Protection (XGS) V5.3.1, Microsoft SQL Server, Windows Server operating system administration and network security.

    The Security SiteProtector System enables organizations to centrally manage their network, server and endpoint security agents and appliances. The IBM Certified Analyst -- Security SiteProtector System V3.1.1 credential is designed to certify security analysts who use the SiteProtector System to monitor and manage events, monitor system health, optimize SiteProtector and generate reports.

    To obtain this certification, candidates must pass one exam.

    Source: IBM Security SiteProtector Certification

    Oracle Certified Expert, Oracle Solaris 10 Certified Security AdministratorPrerequisite: Oracle Certified Professional, Oracle Solaris 10 System Administrator.

    This credential aims to certify experienced Solaris 10 administrators with security interest and experience. It's a midrange credential that focuses on general security principles and features, installing systems securely, application and network security, principle of least privilege, cryptographic features, auditing, and zone security.

    A single exam -- geared toward the Solaris 10 operating system or the OpenSolaris environment -- is required to obtain this credential.

    Source: Oracle Solaris Certification

    Oracle Mobile SecurityPrerequisites: Oracle recommends that candidates understand enterprise mobility, mobile application management and mobile device management; have two years of experience implementing Oracle Access Management Suite Plus 11g; and have experience in at least one other Oracle product family.

    This credential recognizes professionals who create configuration designs and implement the Oracle Mobile Security Suite. Candidates must have a working knowledge of Oracle Mobile Security Suite Access Server, Oracle Mobile Security Suite Administrative Console, Oracle Mobile Security Suite Notification Server, Oracle Mobile Security Suite Containerization and Oracle Mobile Security Suite Provisioning and Policies. They must also know how to deploy the Oracle Mobile Security Suite.

    Although the certification is designed for Oracle PartnerNetwork members, it is available to any candidate. Successful completion of one exam is required.

    Source: Oracle Mobile Security Certification

    RSA Archer Certified Administrator (CA)Prerequisites: None required; Dell EMC highly recommends RSA training and two years of product experience as preparation for the RSA certification exams.

    Dell EMC offers this certification, which is designed for security professionals who manage, administer, maintain and troubleshoot the RSA Archer Governance, Risk and Compliance (GRC) platform.

    Candidates must pass one exam, which focuses on integration and configuration management, security administration, and the data presentation and communication features of the RSA Archer GRC product.

    Source: Dell EMC RSA Archer Certification

    RSA SecurID Certified Administrator (RSA Authentication Manager 8.0)Prerequisites: None required; Dell EMC highly recommends RSA training and two years of product experience as preparation for the RSA certification exams.

    Dell EMC offers this certification, which is designed for security professionals who manage, maintain and administer enterprise security systems based on RSA SecurID system products and RSA Authentication Manager 8.0.

    RSA SecurID CAs can operate and maintain RSA SecurID components within the context of their operational systems and environments; troubleshoot security and implementation problems; and work with updates, patches and fixes. They can also perform administrative functions and populate and manage users, set up and use software authenticators, and understand the configuration required for RSA Authentication Manager 8.0 system operations.

    Source: Dell EMC RSA Authentication Manager Certification

    RSA Security Analytics CAPrerequisites: None required; Dell EMC highly recommends RSA training and two years of product experience as preparation for the RSA certification exams.

    This Dell EMC certification is aimed at security professionals who configure, manage, administer and troubleshoot the RSA Security Analytics product. Knowledge of the product's features, as well the ability to use the product to identify security concerns, are required.

    Candidates must pass one exam, which focuses on RSA Security Analytics functions and capabilities, configuration, management, monitoring and troubleshooting.

    Source: Dell EMC RSA Security Analytics

    Advanced information technology security certifications 

    CCIE SecurityPrerequisites: None required; three to five years of professional working experience recommended.

    Arguably one of the most coveted certifications around, the CCIE is in a league of its own. Having been around since 2002, the CCIE Security track is unrivaled for those interested in dealing with information security topics, tools and technologies in networks built using or around Cisco products and platforms.

    The CCIE certifies that candidates possess expert technical skills and knowledge of security and VPN products; an understanding of Windows, Unix, Linux, network protocols and domain name systems; an understanding of identity management; an in-depth understanding of Layer 2 and 3 network infrastructures; and the ability to configure end-to-end secure networks, as well as to perform troubleshooting and threat mitigation.

    To achieve this certification, candidates must pass both a written and lab exam. The lab exam must be passed within 18 months of the successful completion of the written exam.

    Source: Cisco Systems CCIE Security Certification

    Check Point Certified Managed Security Expert (CCMSE)Prerequisites: CCSE certification R75 or later and 6 months to 1 year of experience with Check Point products.

    This advanced-level credential is aimed at those seeking to learn how to install, configure and troubleshoot Check Point's Multi-Domain Security Management with Virtual System Extension.

    Professionals are expected to know how to migrate physical firewalls to a virtualized environment, install and manage an MDM environment, configure high availability, implement global policies and perform troubleshooting.

    Source: Check Point CCMSE

    Check Point Certified Security Master (CCSM)Prerequisites: CCSE R70 or later and experience with Windows Server, Unix, TCP/IP, and networking and internet technologies.

    The CCSM is the most advanced Check Point certification available. This credential is aimed at security professionals who implement, manage and troubleshoot Check Point security products. Candidates are expected to be experts in perimeter, internal, web and endpoint security systems.

    To acquire this credential, candidates must pass a written exam.

    Source: Check Point CCSM Certification

    Certified SonicWall Security Professional (CCSP)Prerequisites: Attendance at an advanced administration training course.

    Those who achieve this certification have attained a high level of mastery of SonicWall products. In addition, credential holders should be able to deploy, optimize and troubleshoot all the associated product features.

    Earning a CSSP requires taking an advanced administration course that focuses on either network security or secure mobile access, and passing the associated certification exam.

    Source: SonicWall CSSP certification

    IBM Certified Administrator -- Tivoli Monitoring V6.3Prerequisites: Security-related requirements include basic knowledge of SSL, data encryption and system user accounts.

    Those who attain this certification are expected to be capable of planning, installing, configuring, upgrading and customizing workspaces, policies and more. In addition, credential holders should be able to troubleshoot, administer and maintain an IBM Tivoli Monitoring V6.3 environment.

    Candidates must successfully pass one exam.

    Source: IBM Tivoli Certified Administrator

    Master Certified SonicWall Security Administrator (CSSA)The Master CSSA is an intermediate between the base-level CSSA credential (itself an intermediate certification) and the CSSP.

    To qualify for Master CSSA, candidates must pass three (or more) CSSA exams, and then email training@sonicwall.com to request the designation. There are no other charges or requirements involved.

    Source: SonicWall Master CSSA

    Conclusion 

    Remember, when it comes to selecting vendor-specific information technology security certifications, your organization's existing or planned security product purchases should dictate your options. If your security infrastructure includes products from vendors not mentioned here, be sure to check with them to determine if training or certifications on such products are available.

    About the author:Ed Tittel is a 30-plus year IT veteran who's worked as a developer, networking consultant, technical trainer, writer and expert witness. Perhaps best known for creating the Exam Cram series, Ed has contributed to more than 100 books on many computing topics, including titles on information security, Windows OSes and HTML. Ed also blogs regularly for TechTarget (Windows Enterprise Desktop), Tom's IT Pro and GoCertify.


    SQL Server Tips and Techniques for Database Performance Optimization | killexams.com real questions and Pass4sure dumps

    SQL servers are very complex to grasp, even for professionals. As far as performance tuning is concerned, a lot of DBAs don't even know where to begin. However, there are a lot of facets of the whole system, which means that a SQL server consultant has to consider a lot of variables while tuning the SQL server to perfection. Although experience is the biggest tool in regards to performance tuning, basic knowledge, and minimal skill, it can also be utilized to achieve marked success. The following tips will help in fine-tuning the SQL server for database optimization and better performance:

    Stop Making the SQL Server Wait Around

    Every time the SQL Server gets held up while functioning, it tracks the incident in the form of wait statistics. This is one of the most crucial areas to master while dealing with SQL Server. Usually, the server is paused as it is looking for specific resources to come up and assist in completing the function. To find which resources are required, one must have knowledge of wait statistics. If the cause of blockage can be conveniently found, solving it will no longer be a problem. A lot of time will be saved while doing this instead of looking at the I/O issues.

    Locate the I/O Bottlenecks

    I/O bottlenecks are one of the top reasons for performance issues in SQL Servers. To find if you have I/O issues, follow the given methods:

  • Check if there is high page_IO_latch or log_write in your wait statistics
  • Use DMF sys.dm_io_virtual_file_stats() to find any possible areas where there are excessive I/O stalls
  • Use PerfMon counters
  • If you locate any physical I/O bottlenecks, find all the queries that are causing the problem. Fine tune them before adding additional hardware. Do not hold up the writing to the log file, as all the DML operations will become impeded. High latency for log writes is also a sign of a problem.

    Find the Problem Queries

    In any SQL server, there are usually 8 to 10 queries or stored procedures that hinder the activity of the system. Locating these queries and fine-tuning them will be beneficial for better performance and consistency without any additional hardware or software. There are a lot of queries that will cater to specific problems. An essential tip is to not give much weight to the elapsed time and let the codes do their work of solving the issue. Statement lengths might be surprising, but they will effectively solve the blocking issues present in the system.

    Strategize to Reuse

    As hardware is getting more powerful and affordable, the transaction rates in the database applications are ever-increasing. This is one of the reasons why programmers pack more stuff in one server and increase the activity in the system. However, compiling the query plans is one of the most crucial operations when it comes to the performance and memory of the SQL server. There are a lot of applications that can increase the speed of the development of a function, but do not reuse the query plan. This can be detrimental over a long period of time as the resources and time will be constantly wasted over a command that has been previously run. It is better to use counts column and order the plans by the text column so similar entries can be classified as a singular unit.

    Look Out for the Index Usage

    One of the most underutilised sources of information is the sys.dm_db_index_operational_stats() DMF. This DMF helps in deciphering all kinds of information for determining the indexes and how they are used. You can get to know it if you are scanning the index or using seeks. Even small data like elapsed time for a particular process can be gained. This DMF is one of the most useful tools for crucial information.

    Separate the Log and Data Files

    This is one of the most basic but disregarded rules for better performance of the system. Separating the log and data files onto other physical drives seems tedious to do, so most people skip this step. This step is quite advantageous as it can help enhance the performance levels of the system, and the user will witness the volumes of the transactions going up.

    Topics:

    database ,database optimization ,sql server ,sql server performance issues ,database performance



    Direct Download of over 5500 Certification Exams

    3COM [8 Certification Exam(s) ]
    AccessData [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    ACFE [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    ACI [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Acme-Packet [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    ACSM [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
    ACT [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Admission-Tests [13 Certification Exam(s) ]
    ADOBE [93 Certification Exam(s) ]
    AFP [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    AICPA [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
    AIIM [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Alcatel-Lucent [13 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Alfresco [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Altiris [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Amazon [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
    American-College [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Android [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
    APA [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    APC [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
    APICS [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Apple [69 Certification Exam(s) ]
    AppSense [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    APTUSC [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Arizona-Education [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    ARM [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Aruba [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
    ASIS [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
    ASQ [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
    ASTQB [8 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Autodesk [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Avaya [96 Certification Exam(s) ]
    AXELOS [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Axis [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Banking [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    BEA [5 Certification Exam(s) ]
    BICSI [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
    BlackBerry [17 Certification Exam(s) ]
    BlueCoat [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Brocade [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Business-Objects [11 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Business-Tests [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
    CA-Technologies [21 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Certification-Board [10 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Certiport [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
    CheckPoint [41 Certification Exam(s) ]
    CIDQ [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    CIPS [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Cisco [318 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Citrix [48 Certification Exam(s) ]
    CIW [18 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Cloudera [10 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Cognos [19 Certification Exam(s) ]
    College-Board [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
    CompTIA [76 Certification Exam(s) ]
    ComputerAssociates [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Consultant [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Counselor [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
    CPP-Institue [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
    CPP-Institute [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    CSP [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    CWNA [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    CWNP [13 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Dassault [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
    DELL [9 Certification Exam(s) ]
    DMI [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    DRI [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    ECCouncil [21 Certification Exam(s) ]
    ECDL [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    EMC [129 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Enterasys [13 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Ericsson [5 Certification Exam(s) ]
    ESPA [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Esri [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
    ExamExpress [15 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Exin [40 Certification Exam(s) ]
    ExtremeNetworks [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
    F5-Networks [20 Certification Exam(s) ]
    FCTC [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Filemaker [9 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Financial [36 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Food [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Fortinet [13 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Foundry [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
    FSMTB [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Fujitsu [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
    GAQM [9 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Genesys [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
    GIAC [15 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Google [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
    GuidanceSoftware [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
    H3C [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    HDI [9 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Healthcare [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
    HIPAA [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Hitachi [30 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Hortonworks [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Hospitality [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
    HP [750 Certification Exam(s) ]
    HR [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
    HRCI [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Huawei [21 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Hyperion [10 Certification Exam(s) ]
    IAAP [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    IAHCSMM [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    IBM [1532 Certification Exam(s) ]
    IBQH [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    ICAI [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    ICDL [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
    IEEE [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    IELTS [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    IFPUG [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    IIA [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
    IIBA [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
    IISFA [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Intel [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
    IQN [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    IRS [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    ISA [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    ISACA [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
    ISC2 [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
    ISEB [24 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Isilon [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
    ISM [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
    iSQI [7 Certification Exam(s) ]
    ITEC [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Juniper [64 Certification Exam(s) ]
    LEED [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Legato [5 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Liferay [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Logical-Operations [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Lotus [66 Certification Exam(s) ]
    LPI [24 Certification Exam(s) ]
    LSI [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Magento [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Maintenance [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
    McAfee [8 Certification Exam(s) ]
    McData [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Medical [69 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Microsoft [374 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Mile2 [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Military [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Misc [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Motorola [7 Certification Exam(s) ]
    mySQL [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
    NBSTSA [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    NCEES [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
    NCIDQ [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    NCLEX [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Network-General [12 Certification Exam(s) ]
    NetworkAppliance [39 Certification Exam(s) ]
    NI [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    NIELIT [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Nokia [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Nortel [130 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Novell [37 Certification Exam(s) ]
    OMG [10 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Oracle [279 Certification Exam(s) ]
    P&C [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Palo-Alto [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
    PARCC [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    PayPal [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Pegasystems [12 Certification Exam(s) ]
    PEOPLECERT [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
    PMI [15 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Polycom [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
    PostgreSQL-CE [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Prince2 [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
    PRMIA [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    PsychCorp [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    PTCB [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
    QAI [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    QlikView [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Quality-Assurance [7 Certification Exam(s) ]
    RACC [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Real-Estate [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    RedHat [8 Certification Exam(s) ]
    RES [5 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Riverbed [8 Certification Exam(s) ]
    RSA [15 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Sair [8 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Salesforce [5 Certification Exam(s) ]
    SANS [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    SAP [98 Certification Exam(s) ]
    SASInstitute [15 Certification Exam(s) ]
    SAT [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    SCO [10 Certification Exam(s) ]
    SCP [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
    SDI [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
    See-Beyond [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Siemens [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Snia [7 Certification Exam(s) ]
    SOA [15 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Social-Work-Board [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
    SpringSource [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    SUN [63 Certification Exam(s) ]
    SUSE [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Sybase [17 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Symantec [134 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Teacher-Certification [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
    The-Open-Group [8 Certification Exam(s) ]
    TIA [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Tibco [18 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Trainers [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Trend [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    TruSecure [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    USMLE [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    VCE [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Veeam [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Veritas [33 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Vmware [58 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Wonderlic [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Worldatwork [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
    XML-Master [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Zend [6 Certification Exam(s) ]





    References :


    Dropmark : http://killexams.dropmark.com/367904/11695912
    Wordpress : http://wp.me/p7SJ6L-16L
    Issu : https://issuu.com/trutrainers/docs/000-190
    Dropmark-Text : http://killexams.dropmark.com/367904/12155739
    Blogspot : http://killexamsbraindump.blogspot.com/2017/11/never-miss-these-000-190-questions.html
    RSS Feed : http://feeds.feedburner.com/FreePass4sure000-190QuestionBank
    Box.net : https://app.box.com/s/u2v3xm7w6bpn0wwkynuzk0vrnvcjyzku
    publitas.com : https://view.publitas.com/trutrainers-inc/review-000-190-real-question-and-answers-before-you-take-test
    zoho.com : https://docs.zoho.com/file/5s0qsc9ba693c56364fd6be2a0bd6ad2ccbd3
    Calameo : http://en.calameo.com/books/004923526bc8b6c8783a5






    View Practice Questions »

    We Make Sure Q&A work for you!

    See Entry Test Preparation   |   Project Management, English Tests Home

    Pass4sure PDFs (Pass4sure Questions and Answers), Viewable at all devices like PC Windows (all versions), Linux (All versions), Mac / iOS (iPhone/iPad and all other devices), Android (All versions). It support High Quality Printable book format. You can print and carry anywhere with you, as you like.

    Testing and Training Engine Software (Pass4sure Exam Simulator) Compatible with All Windows PC (Windows 10/9/8/7/Vista/XP/2000/98 etc). Mac (Through Wine, Virtual Windows PC, Dual boot). It prepares your test for all the topics of exam, gives you exam tips and tricks by asking tricky questions, uses latest practice quiz to train you for the real test taking experience in learning mode as well as real test mode. Provides performance graphs and training history etc.

    Read more »

    More Useful Links about 000-190

    Certification Vendors Here   |   View Exams, Latest Home

    Information Links



    References:


    Killexams [EC] Exam Study Notes | study guides - pass4sure-cert.php
    Killexams [EC] Exam Study Notes |[EC] study guides |[EC] QA - eatpierogi.php
    Killexams [EC] Study Guides and Exam Simulator - www.simepe.com.br
    Pass you exam at first attempt with Pass4sure Questions and Answers - c4m.php
    Pass4sure [EC] Certification Exam Study Notes - idprod.esy.es
    Pass4sure Exam Study Notes - certification-list.php
    Certification Questions and Answers | Exam Simulator | Study Guides - pass4sure.php
    Real exam Questions and Answers with Pass4sure Exam Simulators - list.php
    Latest Certification Exams with Exam Simulator - addscrave.net
    Real Questions and accurate answers for exam - disco.php
    Pass4sure [EC] Certification Exam Study Notes - pass4sure-cert.php

    View Practice Questions »

    Services Overview

    We provide Pass4sure Questions and Answers and exam simulators for the candidates to prepare their exam and pass at first attempt.

    Contact Us

    As a team are working hard to provide the candidates best study material with proper guideline to face the real exam.

    Address: 15th floor, 7# building 16 Xi Si Huan.
    Telephone: +86 10 88227272
    FAX: +86 10 68179899
    Others: +301 - 0125 - 01258